Online Dictionary

fungus Explained

fungus at CMU American English spelling Of Explained:

['fʌŋgəs]

fungus at English irregular forms Of Explained:

(pl) fungi

fungus at English => English (English Etymology) Of Explained:

1527, from L. fungus, learned alternative to mushroom. (Though funge was used in this sense late 14c.)The L. is believe to be cognate with (or derived from) Gk. sphongos, the Attic form of spongos "sponge" (see sponge). ///

fungus at English => English (Longman) Of Explained:

n plural fungi /-d[hA360]a[hA366], -ga[hA366]/ or funguses // [Date: 1500-1600; Language: Latin]// [U and C] a simple type of plant that has no leaves or flowers and that grows on plants or other surfaces. mushrooms and mould are both fungi.//

fungus at English => English (The Britannica Concise) Of Explained:

Any of about 50,000 species of organisms of the kingdom Fungi, or Mycota, incl. yeasts, rusts, smuts, molds, mushrooms, and mildews. Though formerly classified as plants and still considered plants in some systems, they lack chlorophyll and the organized plant structures of stems, roots, and leaves. Fungi contribute to the disintegration of organic matter that results in the release of carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, and phosphorus from dead plants and animals into the soil or the atmosphere. They can be found in the water, soil, air, plants, and animals of all regions of the world that have sufficient moisture to enable them to grow. Essential to many household and industrial processes, fungi are also used in the production of enzymes, organic acids, vitamins, and antibiotics. They also can destroy crops, cause such diseases as athlete's foot and ringworm, and ruin clothing and food with mildew and rot. The thallus, or body, of a typical fungus consists of a mycelium through which cytoplasm flows. The mycelium generally reproduces by forming spores, either directly or in special fruiting bodies that are generally the visible part of the fungus. The soil provides an ideal habitat for many species. Lacking chlorophyll, fungi are unable to carry out photosynthesis and must obtain their carbohydrates by secreting enzymes onto the surface on which they are growing to digest the food, which they absorb through the mycelium. Saprophytic fungi live off dead organisms and are partly responsible for the decomposition of organic matter. Parasitic fungi invade living organisms, often causing disease and death (see parasitism). Fungi establish symbiotic relationships with algae (forming lichens), plants (forming mycorrhizae; see mycorrhiza), and certain insects.

fungus at English => English (Moby Thesaurus II) Of Explained:

121 Moby Thesaurus words for "fungus":
adenovirus, aerobe, aerobic bacteria, amoeba, amphibian, anaerobe,
anaerobic bacteria, angiosperm, annual, aquatic plant, bacillus,
bacteria, bacterium, benign tumor, biennial, blast, blight,
bread mold, bug, callosity, callus, cancer, canker, carcinoma,
coccus, corn, cosmopolite, cutting, cyst, deciduous plant, dicot,
dicotyledon, disease-producing microorganism, dry rot, echovirus,
enterovirus, ephemeral, ergot, evergreen, excrescence, exotic,
filterable virus, flowering plant, fungosity, gametophyte, germ,
gram-negative bacteria, gram-positive bacteria, green mold, growth,
gymnosperm, hydrophyte, intumescence, malignant growth,
metastatic tumor, microbe, microorganism, mildew, mold, mole,
monocot, monocotyl, morbid growth, moth, moth and rust, mushroom,
must, neoplasm, nevus, nonfilterable virus, nonmalignant tumor,
outgrowth, pathogen, perennial, pest, picornavirus, plant, polycot,
polycotyl, polycotyledon, protozoa, protozoon, proud flesh,
puffball, reovirus, rhinovirus, rickettsia, rot, rust, sarcoma,
seed plant, seedling, slime mold, smut, spermatophyte, spirillum,
spirochete, spore, sporophyte, staphylococcus, streptococcus,
thallophyte, tinea, toadstool, triennial, truffle, trypanosome,
tuckahoe, tumor, vascular plant, vegetable, verruca, verticillium,
vibrio, virus, wart, water mold, weed, wen, worm, yeast

fungus at Latin => English Of Explained:

umstances
undert

fungus at English => English (Oxford Advanced Learners) Of Explained:

1 [C, often pl.] any plant without leaves, flowers or green colouring, usually growing on other plants or on decaying matter. MUSHROOMS and MILDEW are both fungi.

2 [U, C] a covering of MOULD or a similar fungus, for example on a plant or wall:
fungus infections

Fungus at English => English (Websters 1913) Of Explained:

Fungus \Fun"gus\, n.; pl. L. {Fungi}, E. {Funguses}. [L., a
mushroom; perh. akin to a doubtful Gr. ? sponge, for ?;if so,
cf. E. sponge.]
1. (Bot.) Any one of the Fungi, a large and very complex
group of thallophytes of low organization, -- the molds,
mildews, rusts, smuts, mushrooms, toadstools, puff balls,
and the allies of each.

Note: The fungi are all destitute of chorophyll, and,
therefore, to be supplied with elaborated nourishment,
must live as saprophytes or parasites. They range in
size from single microscopic cells to systems of
entangled threads many feet in extent, which develop
reproductive bodies as large as a man's head. The
vegetative system consists of septate or rarely
unseptate filaments called hyph[ae]; the aggregation of
hyph[ae] into structures of more or less definite form
is known as the mycelium. See Fungi, in the Supplement.

2. (Med.) A spongy, morbid growth or granulation in animal
bodies, as the proud flesh of wounds. --Hoblyn.

fungus at English => English (WordNet) Of Explained:

fungus
n : a parasitic plant lacking chlorophyll and leaves and true
stems and roots and reproducing by spores
[also: {fungi} (pl)]

fungus at English (WD) Of Explained:

==English==
Inter: wikipedi » a

Etymology

From Inter: etyl » la Inter: term » fungus||mushroom|lang=la. Compare Ancient Greek Inter: term » σπόγγος|tr=spongos|lang=grc|sc=polytonic.
Inter: picdic »
| image=AD2009Sep13 Boletus edulis 01.jpg
| detail1=
{{ picdicimg | image=Eukaryota diversity 2.jpg | link=organism
| detail2=
Inter: picdicimg » image=Brot-Schimmel.JPG | link=mold | anchor=#Etymology_2
Inter: picdicimg » image=Flammulina velutipes 04.jpg | link=mushroom
}}

Pronunciation

* Inter: a » UK|US Inter: IPA » /ˈfʌŋ.ɡəs/
  • Inter: audio » en-us-fungus.ogg|Audio (US)
  • Inter: rhymes » ʌŋɡəs

    Noun

    Inter: en-noun » pl=fungi|pl2=funguses


  • Any member of the kingdom Fungi; a eukaryotic organism typically having chitin cell walls but no chlorophyll or plastids. Fungi may be unicellular or multicellular.

    Usage notes

    The plural form Inter: term » fungi comes directly from the Latin. See that entry for information about the several English pronunciations in use.

    Synonyms

    * mold, mushroom

    Hyponyms

    * ascomycete, basidiomycete, mushroom, toadstool, yeast

    Derived terms

    Inter: top » 2
  • bracket fungus
  • fungal
  • fungicidal

  • Inter: mid » 2
    • fungicide
    • fungoid
    • jelly fungus


    Inter: botto » m

    Related terms

    * fungous

    Translations

    Inter: trans-top » any member of the kingdom Fungi
  • Albanian: Inter: t- » sq|këpurdhë
  • Alemannic German: Inter: tø » gsw|Pilz|m
  • Arabic: Inter: t- » ar|فطر|m|tr=fuTr|alt=فُطْر|sc=Arab
  • : Egyptian Arabic: Inter: tø » arz|فطر|m|tr=feṭr|sc=Arab
  • Armenian: Inter: t- » hy|բորբոս|tr=borbos
  • Azeri: Inter: t+ » az|göbələk
  • Bashkir: Inter: tø » ba|бәшмәктәр
  • Bengali: Inter: t- » bn|ছত্রাক|sc=Beng
  • Bulgarian: Inter: t+ » bg|гъба|f
  • Catalan: Inter: t- » ca|fong
  • Chinese:
  • : Mandarin: Inter: t » cmn|菌類|sc=Hani, Inter: t » cmn|菌类|tr=jūnlèi|sc=Hani, Inter: t » cmn|真菌|tr=zhēnjūn|sc=Hani
  • : Min Nan: ko͘
  • Chuvash: Inter: tø » cv|кăмпа|sc=Cyrl
  • Czech: Inter: t+ » cs|houba|f
  • Danish: Inter: t+ » da|svamp|c
  • Dutch: Inter: t+ » nl|zwam|m
  • Erzya: Inter: tø » myv|пангт
  • Esperanto: Inter: t+ » eo|fungo
  • Estonian: Inter: t+ » et|seen
  • Faroese: Inter: t- » fo|soppur
  • Finnish: Inter: t+ » fi|sieni
  • French: Inter: t+ » fr|fongus|m
  • Georgian: Inter: t- » ka|სოკო|tr=soko|sc=Geor
  • German: Inter: t+ » de|Pilz|m
  • Greek: Inter: t+ » el|μύκητας|m (mýkitas)
  • Hawaiian: Inter: tø » haw|kalina
  • Hebrew: Inter: t- » he|פטריות|f|p|tr=pitriyot
  • Hindi: Inter: t- » hi|कुकुरमुत्ता|tr=kukurmuttā, Inter: t- » hi|फफूंद|tr=phaphūnd
  • Hungarian: Inter: t- » hu|gombaféle, Inter: t+ » hu|gomba
  • Icelandic: Inter: t+ » is|sveppur
  • Irish: Inter: t- » ga|fungas
  • Italian: Inter: t+ » it|fungo
  • Japanese: Inter: t+ » ja|菌類|tr=きんるい, kinrui, Inter: t+ » ja|きのこ|tr=kinoko
  • Korean: Inter: t- » ko|균계|tr=gyun-gye|sc=Kore
  • Latin: Inter: t- » la|fungus

  • Inter: trans-mi » d
    • Latvian: Inter: t+ » lv|sēnes
    • Lingala: Inter: t- » ln|liyɛbú
    • Lithuanian: Inter: t+ » lt|grybas
    • Low German: Inter: t- » nds|poggenstöhl
    • Luxembourgish: Inter: t- » lb|Pilzeräich
    • Macedonian: Inter: t- » mk|габа|f
    • Malay: Inter: t- » ms|kulat
    • Manx: Inter: t- » gv|fungys
    • Maori: Inter: t- » mi|harore
    • Nahuatl: Inter: t+ » nah|nanacatl
    • Northern Sami: Inter: tø » se|guobbarat
    • Norwegian: Inter: t- » no|sopp
    • Occitan: Inter: t- » oc|mycota
    • Persian: Inter: t+ » fa|قارچ|tr=qârč|sc=fa-Arab
    • Polish: Inter: t+ » pl|grzyb|m
    • Portuguese: Inter: t+ » pt|fungo|m
    • Quechua: Inter: t+ » qu|k'allampa
    • Romanian: Inter: t+ » ro|ciupercă|f
    • Russian: Inter: t+ » ru|гриб|m|tr=grib, Inter: t+ » ru|грибок|m|tr=gribók|sc=Cyrl
    • Samogitian: Inter: tø » sgs|kremblē
    • Sardinian: Inter: t- » sc|cordolinu
    • Serbo-Croatian: Inter: t- » sh|gljiva|f|alt=gljȉva
    • Spanish: Inter: t+ » es|hongo|m
    • Swedish: Inter: t+ » sv|svamp
    • Tagalog: Inter: t- » tl|halamang-singaw
    • Tamil: Inter: t- » ta|பூஞ்சைகள்
    • Telugu: Inter: t- » te|శిలీంధ్రం
    • Thai: Inter: t- » th|เห็ดรา|tr=hèt-raa|sc=Thai
    • Tongan: Inter: t- » to|talingelinga
    • Turkish: Inter: t+ » tr|mantar
    • Vietnamese: Inter: t+ » vi|nấm
    • Volapük: Inter: t+ » vo|funig
    • Walloon: Inter: t+ » wa|tchampion
    • Welsh: Inter: t- » cy|ffwng
    • Yiddish: Inter: t- » yi|פאנגוס|tr=fungus


    Inter: trans-botto » m
    Category: Category:English nouns with irregular plurals -

    Latin

    Category: Image - :Morchella conica 1 beentree.jpg|thumb|fungus (a mushroom)

    Etymology

    Originally sfungus. Compare Inter: etyl » grc|- Inter: term » σπόγγος|tr=spongos|lang=grc|sc=polytonic.

    Pronunciation

    * Inter: a » Classical Inter: IPA » /ˈfuŋ.ɡus/|lang=la

    Noun

    Inter: la-noun » fungus|fungi|fungī|m|second
  • a mushroom
    1. a fungal growth or infection
    2. a candle-snuff
    3. Inter: figuratively » lang=la dolt, idiot

      Inflection

      Inter: la-decl-2nd » fung

      Derived terms

      * fungīnus

  • fungōsus
  • fungulus

    Related terms

    * fungidus

    Descendants

    Inter: top » 2
  • Catalan: Inter: l » ca|fong
  • English: Inter: l » en|fungus
  • French: Inter: l » fr|fongus
  • Galician: Inter: l » gl|fungo

  • Inter: mid » 2
    • Italian: Inter: l » it|fungo
    • Portuguese: Inter: l » pt|fungo
    • Spanish: Inter: l » es|hongo


    Inter: botto » m
    Category: ang:fungus -
    Category: zh-min-nan:fungus -
    Translation: cs » fungus
    Translation: et » fungus
    Translation: el » fungus
    Translation: fr » fungus
    Translation: fy » fungus
    Translation: ko » fungus
    Translation: hy » fungus
    Translation: io » fungus
    Translation: id » fungus
    Translation: it » fungus
    Translation: kn » fungus
    Translation: sw » fungus
    Translation: lt » fungus
    Translation: hu » fungus
    Translation: mg » fungus
    Translation: ml » fungus
    Translation: my » fungus
    Translation: nl » fungus
    Translation: ja » fungus
    Translation: pl » fungus
    Translation: pt » fungus
    Translation: fi » fungus
    Translation: sv » fungus
    Translation: ta » fungus
    Translation: te » fungus
    Translation: tr » fungus
    Translation: vi » fungus
    Translation: zh » fungus