Online Dictionary

government Explained

government at CMU American English spelling Of Explained:


government at English => English (Longman) Of Explained:

W1S2 n
1 also Government : [C usually singular also + plural verb British English] the group of people who govern a country or state// --The Government are planning further cuts in public spending.// --The US government has tightened restrictions on firearms.// --Neither party had the majority necessary to form a government (=become the government after an election) .// democratic/totalitarian etc government // --The country now has a democratic government for the first time.// --A coalition government (=government made up of members of several political parties) will now be established.// under a government (=during the period of a government) // --Structural reforms are unlikely under the present government.// --a meeting with government officials// --the restructuring of government departments// --Government spending on health care totals about $60 billion a year.//
2 [U] a form or system of government: --Most people in the country support the return to democratic government.// local government, central government//
3 [U] the process or way of governing: in government// --What would the opposition do if they were in government (=governing the country) ?// --the importance of good government in developing countries//
4 [U] AmE the degree to which the government controls economic and social activities: --The protest march was really about big government (=when the government controls many activities) .//

government at English => English (The Britannica Concise) Of Explained:

Political system by which a body of people is administered and regulated. Different levels of government typically have different responsibilities. The level closest to those governed is local government. Regional governments comprise a grouping of individual communities. National governments nominally control all the territory within internationally recognized borders and have responsibilities not shared by their subnational counterparts. Most governments exercise executive, legislative (see legislature), and judicial (see judiciary) powers and split or combine them in various ways. Some also control the religious affairs of their people; others avoid any involvement with religion. Political forms at the national level determine the powers exercised at the subnational levels; these have included autocracy, democracy, fascism, monarchism, oligarchy, plutocracy (government by the wealthy), theocracy, and totalitarianism.

government at English => English (Moby Thesaurus II) Of Explained:

136 Moby Thesaurus words for "government":
Geopolitik, John Bull, Kreis, Uncle Sam, Washington, Whitehall,
administration, archbishopric, archdiocese, arrondissement,
auspices, authority, bailiwick, bishopric, borough, canton, care,
charge, city, civics, claws, clutches, command, commune, conduct,
congressional district, constablewick, control, county, cure,
custodianship, custody, departement, diocese, direction,
disposition, district, domination, dominion, duchy,
electoral district, electorate, empery, empire, geopolitics,
governance, grip, guardianship, guidance, hamlet, hand, handling,
hands, hundred, husbandry, international relations, iron hand,
jurisdiction, keeping, lead, leading, magistracy, management,
managery, managing, manipulation, metropolis, metropolitan area,
ministry, oblast, okrug, ordering, oversight, parish, pastorage,
pastorate, pastorship, patronage, pilotage, poli-sci,
political behavior, political economy, political geography,
political philosophy, political science, political theory,
politics, power, precinct, principality, protectorship, province,
public administration, raj, regime, region, regnancy, regulation,
reign, riding, rule, running, safe hands, sheriffalty, sheriffwick,
shire, shrievalty, soke, sovereignty, stake, state, steerage,
steering, stewardship, superintendence, supervision, sway, talons,
territory, the Crown, the Establishment, the authorities, the conn,
the government, the helm, the wheel, town, township, tutelage,
village, wapentake, ward, wardenship, wardship, watch and ward,

government at English => English (English Thesaurus) Of Explained:

[N] (Direction): direction, management, government, legislation, regulation, guidance, steering, piloting, helm, rudder, compass, guiding star, pole star.

[N] (Authority): authority, influence, patronage, power, prestige, prerogative, jurisdiction, right, title, direction, government, divine right, authoritativeness, absoluteness, absolutism, despotism, mastery, control, hold, grasp, grip.

[N] (a): government, legal authority, sovereign, authority, master, direction, nation, state, country, nation-state, dominion, republic, empire, union, kingdom, principality.

government at English => English (Oxford Advanced Learners) Of Explained:

1 [C+sing./pl. v.] (often the Government) (abbreviation govt) the group of people who are responsible for controlling a country or a state:
to lead / form a government * the last Conservative government * the government of the day * Foreign governments have been consulted about this decision. * She has resigned from the Government. * The Government has / have been considering further tax cuts. * government policies / officials / ministers * a government department / agency / grant * government expenditure / intervention * government-controlled industries
2 [U] a particular system or method of controlling a country:
coalition / communist / totalitarian government * Democratic government has now replaced military rule. * central / federal government
3 [U] the activity or the manner of controlling a country:
corrupt / strong government * The Democrats are now in government in the US.

GOVERNMENT at English => English (Bouviers Law) Of Explained:

GOVERNMENT, natural and political law. The manner in which sovereignty is
exercised in each state.
2. There are three simple forms of government, the democratic, the
aristocratic, and monarchical. But these three simple forms may be varied to
infinity by the mixture and divisions of their different powers. Sometimes
by the word government is understood the body of men, or the individual in
the state, to whom is entrusted the executive power. It is taken in this
sense when the government is spoken of in opposition to other bodies in the
3. Governments are also divided into monarchical and republican; among
the monarchical states may be classed empires, kingdoms, and others; in
these the sovereignty resides in, a single individual. There are some
monarchical states under the name of duchies, counties, and the like.
Republican states are those where the sovereignty is in several persons.
These are subdivided into aristocracies, where the power is exercised by a
few persons of the first rank in the state; and democracies, which are those
governments where the common people may exercise the highest powers. 1 Bouv.
Inst. n. 20. See Aristocracy; Democracy; Despotism; Monarchy; Theocracy.
4. It should be remembered, however, that governments, for the most
part, have not been framed on models. Their parts and their powers grew out
of occasional acts, prompted by some urgent expediency, or some private
interest, which, in the course of time, coalesced and hardened into usages.
These usages became the object of respect and the guide of conduct long
before they were embodied in written laws. This subject is philosophically
treated by Sir James McIntosh, in his History of England. See vol. 1, p. 71,
et seq.

Government at English => English (Websters 1913) Of Explained:

Government \Gov"ern*ment\, n. [F. gouvernement. See {Govern}.]
1. The act of governing; the exercise of authority; the
administration of laws; control; direction; regulation;
as, civil, church, or family government.

2. The mode of governing; the system of polity in a state;
the established form of law.

That free government which we have so dearly
purchased, free commonwealth. --Milton.

3. The right or power of governing; authority.

I here resign my government to thee. --Shak.

4. The person or persons authorized to administer the laws;
the ruling power; the administration.

When we, in England, speak of the government, we
generally understand the ministers of the crown for
the time being. --Mozley & W.

5. The body politic governed by one authority; a state; as,
the governments of Europe.

6. Management of the limbs or body. --Shak.

7. (Gram.) The influence of a word in regard to construction,
requiring that another word should be in a particular

government at English => English (WordNet) Of Explained:

n 1: the organization that is the governing authority of a
political unit; "the government reduced taxes"; "the
matter was referred to higher authorities" [syn: {authorities},
2: (government) the system or form by which a community or
other political unit is governed; "tyrannical government"
3: the act of governing; exercising authority; "regulations for
the governing of state prisons"; "he had considerable
experience of government" [syn: {governing}, {governance},
{government activity}]
4: the study of government of states and other political units
[syn: {politics}, {political science}]

government at English (WD) Of Explained:


Alternative forms

* gub'mint Inter: qualifier » eye dialect


From Inter: etyl » enm Inter: term » governement||lang=enm, from Inter: etyl » fro Inter: term » governement||lang=fro (French Inter: term » gouvernement||lang=enm), from Inter: etyl » la Inter: term » gubernatio||management, government, from Inter: etyl » grc Inter: term » κυβερνισμός|tr=kubernismos|lang=grc|sc=polytonic, Inter: term » κυβέρνησις|tr=kubernēsis||steering, pilotage, guiding|lang=grc|sc=polytonic, from Inter: term » κυβερνάω|sc=polytonic|tr=kubernaō||I steer, drive, guide, pilot|lang=grc + Inter: term » -ment|lang=en.


* Inter: a » RP Inter: IPA » /ˈɡʌvənmənt/, Inter: X-SAMPA » /"gVv@nm@nt/
  • Inter: a » GenAm Inter: IPA » /ˈɡʌvɚ(n)mənt/, Inter: X-SAMPA » /"gVv@`(n)m@nt/
  • Inter: audio » en-us-government.ogg|Audio (US)
  • Inter: audio » En-uk-government.ogg|Audio (UK)
  • Inter: hyphenation » gov|ern|ment


    Inter: en-noun » s|-

  • Inter: rfe » x
  • The body with the power to make and/or enforce laws to control a country, land area, people or organization.
    1. A group of people who hold a monopoly on the legitimate use of force in a given territory.
    2. The state and its administration viewed as the ruling political power.
    3. Inter: uncountabl » e The management or control of a system.
    4. The tenure of a chief of state.

      Derived terms

      Inter: rel-top » Terms derived from government

  • big government
  • branch of government
  • close enough for government work
  • federal government
  • government agent
  • government bond
  • government-censored
  • government cheese
  • government debt
  • government house
  • government issue
  • government man
  • government note
  • government purchases
  • government security
  • government stroke
  • government wharf
  • governmental

  • Inter: rel-mi » d
    • governmentese
    • governmentwide
    • head of government
    • in government
    • local government
    • military government
    • minority government
    • municipal government
    • non-government
    • parliamentary government
    • petticoat government
    • puppet government
    • representative government
    • seat of government
    • self-government
    • shadow government
    • unitary government

    Inter: rel-botto » m

    Related terms

    * govern
  • governance
  • governor

    Usage notes

    In the United States, "government" is considered to be divided into three branches; the legislature (the House of Representatives and the Senate) which makes law, the Administration (under the President) which runs sections of government within the law, and the Courts, which adjudicates on matters of the law. This is a much wider meaning of "government" than exists in other countries where the term "government" means the ruling political force of the prime minister and his/her cabinet ministers (what Americans would call the Administration). In Britain, the administrative organs of the nation are collectively referred to as "the state". In Canada government is used in both senses and neither state nor administration are used. Applied to many countries in continental Europe (when using English), the British usage is common.


    Inter: trans-top » government
  • Afrikaans: Inter: t- » af|regering
  • Albanian: Inter: t+ » sq|qeveri
  • Arabic: Inter: t+ » ar|حكومة|f|tr=ḥukūma|sc=Arab
  • : Egyptian Arabic: Inter: tø » arz|حكومة|f|tr=ḥukūma|sc=Arab
  • Armenian: Inter: t- » hy|կառավարություն|tr=kaṙavarut’yun
  • Azeri: Inter: t+ » az|dövlət, Inter: t- » az|hökümət
  • Basque: Inter: t- » eu|gobernu
  • Belarusian: Inter: t- » be|урад|m|tr=urád|sc=Cyrl / Inter: t- » be|ўрад|m|tr=ŭrád|sc=Cyrl
  • Bengali: Inter: t+ » bn|সরকার|tr=shôrkar|sc=Beng, Inter: t- » bn|সর্কার|tr=shôrkar|sc=Beng
  • Breton: gouarnamant {{m}}, gouarnamantoù {{p}}
  • Bulgarian: Inter: t+ » bg|правителство|n|tr=pravítelstvo
  • Burmese: Inter: t+ » my|အစိုးရ|tr=asou: ja.|sc=Mymr
  • Catalan: govern {{m}}
  • Cebuano: Inter: tø » ceb|kagamhanan
  • Chinese:
  • : Dungan: Inter: tø » dng|ямын|sc=Cyrl
  • : Mandarin: Inter: t » cmn|政府|tr=zhèngfǔ|sc=Hani
  • Czech: Inter: t+ » cs|vláda|f
  • Danish: Inter: t- » da|regering|c
  • Dutch: Inter: t+ » nl|regering, Inter: t+ » nl|overheid|f
  • Esperanto: Inter: t- » eo|registaro, Inter: qualifier » adj. Inter: t- » eo|registara, Inter: t- » eo|regado
  • Estonian: Inter: t- » et|valitsus
  • Finnish: Inter: t+ » fi|hallitus, Inter: t+ » fi|hallinto, Inter: t- » fi|valtiojohto
  • French: Inter: t+ » fr|gouvernement|m
  • Georgian: Inter: t- » ka|მთავრობა|tr=mtavroba|sc=Geor
  • German: Inter: t+ » de|Regierung|f
  • Greek: Inter: t+ » el|κυβέρνηση|f|tr=kyvérnisi
  • : Ancient: Inter: tø » grc|κυβερνισμός|m|tr=kubernismos|sc=polytonic
  • Haitian Creole: Inter: tø » ht|gouvènman
  • Hawaiian: Inter: tø » haw|aupuni
  • Hebrew: Inter: t+ » he|ממשלה|f|tr=memshalá|sc=Hebr
  • Hindi: Inter: t+ » hi|सरकार|f|tr=sarkār|sc=Deva
  • Hungarian: Inter: t+ » hu|kormány
  • Ido: guberno, Inter: t+ » io|guvernado
  • Indonesian: Inter: t+ » id|pemerintah
  • Interlingua: Inter: t- » ia|governamento
  • Irish: Inter: t+ » ga|rialtas|m
  • Italian: Inter: t+ » it|governo|m
  • Japanese: Inter: t+ » ja|政府|tr=せいふ, séifu
  • Kazakh: Inter: t » kk|үкімет|tr=ükimet|sc=Cyrl
  • Khmer: Inter: t- » km|រដ្ឋាភិបាល|tr=roattʰaapʰi’baal|sc=Khmr
  • Korean: Inter: t+ » ko|정부|tr=jeongbu|sc=Kore (Inter: t+ » ko|政府|sc=Kore)
  • Kurdish:
  • : Sorani: Inter: t- » ku|حوکمه‌ت|tr=hukmet|sc=ku-Arab

  • Inter: trans-mi » d
    • Kyrgyz: Inter: t- » ky|өкмөт|tr=ökmöt|sc=Cyrl
    • Lao: Inter: t+ » lo|ລັດຖະບານ|tr=lat tha bān|sc=Laoo
    • Latin: administratio, gubernatio {{f}}
    • Latvian: Inter: t+ » lv|valdība|f
    • Lithuanian: Inter: t+ » lt|vyriausybė|f, Inter: t+ » lt|valdžia|f
    • Luhya: Inter: tø » luy|eserikali
    • Macedonian: Inter: t- » mk|влада|f|tr=vláda, Inter: t- » mk|управа|f|tr=úprava
    • Malay: Inter: t+ » ms|kerajaan
    • Malayalam: സര്‍ക്കാര് (sarkkaaru)
    • Maltese: Inter: t- » mt|gvern
    • Mongolian: Inter: t- » mn|засгийн газаар|tr=zasgijn gazaar|sc=Cyrl
    • Norwegian: Inter: t- » no|regjering|c
    • Persian: Inter: t+ » fa|دولت|tr=doulat|sc=fa-Arab, Inter: t+ » fa|حکومت|tr=hokumat|sc=fa-Arab
    • Polish: Inter: t+ » pl|rząd|m
    • Portuguese: Inter: t+ » pt|governo|m
    • Romanian: Inter: t+ » ro|guvern|m
    • Russian: Inter: t+ » ru|правительство|n|tr=pravítel’stvo|sc=Cyrl
    • Scottish Gaelic: riaghaltas, Inter: qualifier » abstract Inter: t- » gd|riaghladh|m
    • Serbo-Croatian:
    • : Cyrillic: Inter: t- » sh|влада|f|sc=Cyrl
    • : Roman: Inter: t- » sh|vlada|f
    • Slovak: Inter: t- » sk|vláda|f
    • Slovene: Inter: t+ » sl|vlada|f
    • Spanish: Inter: t+ » es|gobierno|m
    • Swahili: Inter: t+ » sw|serikali
    • Swedish: Inter: t+ » sv|regering
    • Tagalog: Inter: t- » tl|gobyerno, Inter: t+ » tl|pamahalaan
    • Tajik: Inter: t- » tg|давлат|tr=davlat|sc=Cyrl
    • Tamil: Inter: t+ » ta|அரசு|tr=arasu|sc=Taml
    • Tatar: Inter: t+ » tt|хөкүмәт|tr=hökümät|sc=Cyrl
    • Telugu: ప్రభుత్వం (prabhutvaM), Inter: t+ » te|సర్కారు (sarkaaru)
    • Thai: Inter: t+ » th|รัฐบาล|tr=rát-tà-baan|sc=Thai
    • Tok Pisin: Inter: t+ » tpi|gavman
    • Turkish: Inter: t+ » tr|hükûmet
    • Turkmen: Inter: t- » tk|hökümet
    • Ukrainian: Inter: t+ » uk|уряд|m|tr=úrjad|sc=Cyrl
    • Urdu: Inter: t- » ur|حکومت|f|tr=hukūmat|sc=ur-Arab, Inter: t- » ur|سرکار|f|tr=sarkār|sc=ur-Arab
    • Uzbek: Inter: t- » uz|hukumat
    • Vietnamese: Inter: t+ » vi|chính phủ (Inter: t- » vi|政府)
    • Welsh: Inter: t+ » cy|llywodraeth|m
    • West Frisian: regear {{n}}

    Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: checktrans-to » p
    • Inter: ttbc » ceb: kagamhanan
    • Inter: ttbc » haw: aupuni

    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Inter: ttbc » hil: gobierno
  • Inter: ttbc » mi: kāwanatanga
  • Inter: ttbc » fa: Inter: fa-Arab » عقل اختيار

  • Inter: trans-botto » m


    * Inter: rank » according|walked|office|600|government|particular|charge|church
    Category: Category:1000 English basic words -
    Category: Category:en:Government -
    Translation: ar » government
    Category: zh-min-nan:government -
    Translation: cs » government
    Translation: cy » government
    Translation: de » government
    Translation: et » government
    Translation: el » government
    Translation: es » government
    Translation: eo » government
    Translation: eu » government
    Translation: fa » government
    Translation: fr » government
    Translation: ko » government
    Translation: io » government
    Translation: id » government
    Translation: it » government
    Translation: kn » government
    Translation: ka » government
    Translation: kk » government
    Translation: sw » government
    Translation: ku » government
    Translation: lo » government
    Translation: la » government
    Translation: lt » government
    Translation: li » government
    Translation: hu » government
    Translation: mg » government
    Translation: ml » government
    Translation: ms » government
    Translation: my » government
    Translation: fj » government
    Translation: nl » government
    Translation: ja » government
    Translation: no » government
    Translation: km » government
    Translation: pl » government
    Translation: pt » government
    Translation: ru » government
    Translation: sm » government
    Category: simple:government -
    Translation: sk » government
    Translation: fi » government
    Translation: sv » government
    Translation: ta » government
    Translation: te » government
    Translation: th » government
    Translation: tr » government
    Translation: uk » government
    Translation: vi » government
    Translation: zh » government