Online Dictionary

grain Explained

grain at CMU American English spelling Of Explained:

[greın]

grain at English => English (English Etymology) Of Explained:

c.1202, from O.Fr. grein, from L. granum "seed" (see corn). As collective sing. meaning "seed of wheat and allied grasses used as food," it is attested from c.1315. Extended in M.E. to other objects (e.g. salt, sand). Used of wood (1565), from the arrangement of fibers, which resemble seeds. Hence, against the grain (1650), a metaphor from carpentry: cutting across the fibers of the wood is more difficult than cutting along them. ///

grain at English => English (Longman) Of Explained:

n ----------//
1 food:
2 lines in wood etc:
3 small piece:
4 a grain of something:
5 against the grain:
6 measure: ----------// [Date: 1200-1300; Language: Old French; Origin: Latin granum 'seed']//
1 FOOD: a) [U] the seeds of crops such as corn, wheat, or rice that are gathered for use as food, or these crops themselves// --big sacks of grain// --Last year's grain harvest was the biggest ever.// b) [C] a single seed of corn, wheat etc// --grains of rice//
2 LINES IN WOOD ETC: [singular] the natural lines you can see in a substance such as wood, which are the result of its structure// along the grain// (=in the same direction as the grain) // --Cut along the grain of the wood.// across the grain// (=at 90 degrees to the grain) //
3 SMALL PIECE: [C] a single very small piece of a substance such as sand or salt// grain of// --a grain of sand// --There were crumbs and grains of sugar on the table.//
4 a grain of sth: a very small amount of something// --The story was so silly it wouldn't have fooled anyone with a grain of sense.// --There is a grain of truth in all folklore and legend.//
5 against the grain: if something goes against the grain, it is not what you would naturally or normally do// --Mary is always honest and it went against the grain to tell lies.//
6 MEASURE: [C] the smallest unit for measuring weight, equal to about 0.06 grams. It is used for weighing medicines// take sth with a pinch/grain of salt at salt1 (3)//

grain at French => English Of Explained:

grain, granule, pip

grain at English => English (Moby Thesaurus II) Of Explained:

343 Moby Thesaurus words for "grain":
abrade, ace, acorn, aftergrass, animus, apply paint, aptitude,
atom, atomize, bamboo, barley, beat, bedaub, bedizen, begild, bent,
berry, besmear, bias, bird seed, bit, blood, body-build, bran,
brand, bray, break up, breccia, brecciate, breed, brush on paint,
calcimine, cane, cast, cat food, cereal, cereal plant, character,
characteristic, characteristics, chicken feed, chop, clan, coarsen,
coat, color, come to dust, comminute, complexion, composition,
constituents, constitution, contriturate, corn, cover, crasis,
crumb, crumble, crumble into dust, crumble to dust, crush, dab,
daub, debris, deep-dye, denomination, description, designation,
detritus, dharma, diathesis, dip, disintegrate, disposition,
distemper, dog food, dole, dot, double-dye, dram, dribble, driblet,
drop, droplet, dwarf, dye, eatage, eccentricity, effloresce,
emblazon, enamel, engild, ensilage, ethos, face, fall to dust,
fall to pieces, farinaceous plant, farthing, fast-dye, feather,
feed, feel, fiber, finish, flaxseed, fleck, flour, flyspeck,
fodder, fog, forage, forage grass, form, fragment, frame, fresco,
fruit, genius, genre, genus, gild, glaze, gloss, gnat, gobbet,
graminaceous plant, granular texture, granulate, granule, granulet,
granulize, grass, grate, gravel, grind, grind to powder, grist,
grit, groat, habit, hair, handful, hay, hayseed, hint, hue, humor,
humors, idiosyncrasy, ilk, illuminate, imbue, inclination,
indentation, individualism, ingrain, iota, japan, jot, kernel,
kidney, kin, kind, knub, label, lacquer, lawn grass, lay on color,
leaning, levigate, line, linseed, little, little bit, lot, lota,
make, makeup, manner, mark, mash, meal, mental set, mettle,
microbe, microorganism, midge, mill, mind, mind-set, minim,
minimum, minutia, minutiae, mite, modicum, mold, molecule, morsel,
mote, nap, nature, nub, number, nut, nutshell, oats,
ornamental grass, ounce, paint, parget, particle, pasturage,
pasture, pattern, pebble, persuasion, pestle, pet food, phylum,
physique, pigment, pile, pinch, pinhead, pinpoint, pip, pit,
pittance, pock, point, pound, powder, predilection, predisposition,
preference, prime, proclivity, propensity, property, protuberance,
provender, pulverize, quality, race, reduce to powder, reed,
roughen, sand, scintilla, scrap, scratch, scratch feed, scrunch,
scruple, seed, set, shade, shadow, shag, shape, shard, shellac,
shingle, shred, silage, slant, slop on paint, slops, smash, smear,
smidgen, smidgin, smitch, smooth, snip, snippet, somatotype, sort,
soupcon, species, speck, spirit, spoonful, spot, squash, stain,
stamp, stipple, stone, strain, straw, streak, stripe, structure,
style, suchness, suggestion, surface, surface texture, swill,
system, taste, temper, temperament, tendency, tenor, texture,
the like of, the likes of, thimbleful, tinct, tincture, tinge,
tint, tiny bit, tittle, tone, tooth, trace, tribe, trifling amount,
triturate, trivia, turn, turn of mind, twist, type, undercoat,
vanishing point, variety, varnish, vein, wale, warp, wash, way,
weave, wheat, whit, whitewash, woof

grain at French => English Of Explained:

grain [grɛ̃]
grain, granule, pip

grain at English => English (English Thesaurus) Of Explained:

[N] (Smallness): {Small thing}: atom, particle, molecule, corpuscle, point, speck, dot, mote, jot, iota, minutiae, details, look, thought, idea, soupcon, dab, whit, shade, shadow, spark, scintilla, gleam, touch, cast, grain, granule, globule, drop, droplet, sprinkling, dash, smack, tinge, inch, patch, mite, bit, morsel, crumb, seed, snip, snippet, snack, slip, chip, clipping, sliver, paring, shaving, hair, nutshell.

[N] (Roughness): roughness, tooth, grain, texture, ripple, asperity, corrugation, unevenness.

Grain at English => English (Eastons 1897 Bible) Of Explained:

roar, uproar, racket, hubbub, fracas, fanfare, peal, blast, boom, bang, thunder clangorous, thundering, deafening, deafening, ear-piercing, obstreperous, rackety, uproarious, strident, shrill, clamorous, vociferous, stentorian.[ADJ] (Loudnes

grain at English => English (Oxford Advanced Learners) Of Explained:

noun

1 [U, C] the small hard seeds of food plants such as wheat, rice, etc.; a single seed of such a plant:
America's grain exports * a few grains of rice
see also WHOLEGRAIN

2 [C] a small hard piece of particular substances:
a grain of salt / sand / sugar

3 [C] (used especially in negative sentences) a very small amount:
There isn't a grain of truth in those rumours. * If he had a grain of sensitivity he wouldn't have asked her about her divorce.
4 [C] the smallest unit of weight, equal to 0.00143 of a pound or 0.0648 of a GRAM, used for example for weighing medicines:
The analysis showed a few grains of arsenic in the solution.
5 [U] the natural direction of lines in wood, fabric, etc. or of layers of rock; the pattern of lines that you can see:
to cut a piece of wood along / across the grain
6 [U, C] how rough or smooth a surface feels:
wood of coarse / fine grain
IDIOMS
be / go against the grain to be or do sth different from what is normal or natural:
It really goes against the grain to have to work on a Sunday.

GRAIN at English => English (Bouviers Law) Of Explained:

GRAIN, weight. The twenty-fourth part of a pennyweight.
2. For scientific purposes the grain only is used, and sets of weights
are constructed in decimal progression, from 10,000 grains downward to one
hundredth of a grain.

GRAIN, corn. It signifies wheat, rye, barley, or other corn sown in the
ground In Pennsylvania, a tenant for a certain term is entitled to the way-
going crop. 5 inn. 289, 258; 2 Binn. 487; 2 Serg. & Rawle, 14.

Grain at English => English (Websters 1913) Of Explained:

Grain \Grain\, v. & n.
See {Groan.} [Obs.]

Grain \Grain\, n. [F. grain, L. granum, grain, seed, small
kernel, small particle. See {Corn}, and cf. {Garner}, n.,
{Garnet}, {Gram} the chick-pea, {Granule}, {Kernel.}]
1. A single small hard seed; a kernel, especially of those
plants, like wheat, whose seeds are used for food.

2. The fruit of certain grasses which furnish the chief food
of man, as corn, wheat, rye, oats, etc., or the plants
themselves; -- used collectively.

Storehouses crammed with grain. --Shak.

3. Any small, hard particle, as of sand, sugar, salt, etc.;
hence, any minute portion or particle; as, a grain of
gunpowder, of pollen, of starch, of sense, of wit, etc.

I . . . with a grain of manhood well resolved.
--Milton.

4. The unit of the English system of weights; -- so called
because considered equal to the average of grains taken
from the middle of the ears of wheat. 7,000 grains
constitute the pound avoirdupois, and 5,760 grains the
pound troy. A grain is equal to .0648 gram. See {Gram.}

5. A reddish dye made from the coccus insect, or kermes;
hence, a red color of any tint or hue, as crimson,
scarlet, etc.; sometimes used by the poets as equivalent
to {Tyrian purple}.

All in a robe of darkest grain. --Milton.

Doing as the dyers do, who, having first dipped
their silks in colors of less value, then give' them
the last tincture of crimson in grain. --Quoted by
Coleridge,
preface to
Aids to
Reflection.

6. The composite particles of any substance; that arrangement
of the particles of any body which determines its
comparative roughness or hardness; texture; as, marble,
sugar, sandstone, etc., of fine grain.

Hard box, and linden of a softer grain. --Dryden.

7. The direction, arrangement, or appearance of the fibers in
wood, or of the strata in stone, slate, etc.

Knots, by the conflux of meeting sap, Infect the
sound pine and divert his grain Tortive and errant
from his course of growth. --Shak.

8. The fiber which forms the substance of wood or of any
fibrous material.

9. The hair side of a piece of leather, or the marking on
that side. --Knight.

10. pl. The remains of grain, etc., after brewing or
distillation; hence, any residuum. Also called {draff.}

11. (Bot.) A rounded prominence on the back of a sepal, as in
the common dock. See {Grained}, a., 4.

12. Temper; natural disposition; inclination. [Obs.]

Brothers . . . not united in grain. --Hayward.

13. A sort of spice, the grain of paradise. [Obs.]

He cheweth grain and licorice, To smellen sweet.
--Chaucer.

{Against the grain}, against or across the direction of the
fibers; hence, against one's wishes or tastes;
unwillingly; unpleasantly; reluctantly; with difficulty.
--Swift.--Saintsbury.

{A grain of allowance}, a slight indulgence or latitude a
small allowance.

{Grain binder}, an attachment to a harvester for binding the
grain into sheaves.

{Grain colors}, dyes made from the coccus or kermes in sect.


{Grain leather}.
(a) Dressed horse hides.
(b) Goat, seal, and other skins blacked on the grain side
for women's shoes, etc.

{Grain moth} (Zo["o]l.), one of several small moths, of the
family {Tineid[ae]} (as {Tinea granella} and {Butalis
cerealella}), whose larv[ae] devour grain in storehouses.


{Grain side} (Leather), the side of a skin or hide from which
the hair has been removed; -- opposed to {flesh side.}

{Grains of paradise}, the seeds of a species of amomum.

{grain tin}, crystalline tin ore metallic tin smelted with
charcoal.

{Grain weevil} (Zo["o]l.), a small red weevil (Sitophilus
granarius), which destroys stored wheat and othar grain,
by eating out the interior.

{Grain worm} (Zo["o]l.), the larva of the grain moth. See
{grain moth}, above.

{In grain}, of a fast color; deeply seated; fixed; innate;
genuine. ``Anguish in grain.'' --Herbert.

{To dye in grain}, to dye of a fast color by means of the
coccus or kermes grain [see {Grain}, n., 5]; hence, to dye
firmly; also, to dye in the wool, or in the raw material.
See under {Dye.}

The red roses flush up in her cheeks . . . Likce
crimson dyed in grain. --Spenser.

{To go against the grain of} (a person), to be repugnant to;
to vex, irritate, mortify, or trouble.

Grain \Grain\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Grained}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Graining.}]
1. To paint in imitation of the grain of wood, marble, etc.

2. To form (powder, sugar, etc.) into grains.

3. To take the hair off (skins); to soften and raise the
grain of (leather, etc.).

Grain \Grain\, v. i. [F. grainer, grener. See {Grain}, n.]
1. To yield fruit. [Obs.] --Gower.

2. To form grains, or to assume a granular ferm, as the
result of crystallization; to granulate.

Grain \Grain\, n. [See {Groin} a part of the body.]
1. A branch of a tree; a stalk or stem of a plant. [Obs.]
--G. Douglas.

2. A tine, prong, or fork. Specifically:
(a) One the branches of a valley or of a river.
(b) pl. An iron first speak or harpoon, having four or
more barbed points.

3. A blade of a sword, knife, etc.

4. (Founding) A thin piece of metal, used in a mold to steady
a core.

grain at English => English (Computer) Of Explained:

GRAIN

A pictorial {query language}.

["Pictorial Information Systems", S.K. Chang et al eds,
Springer 1980].

(1995-01-23)

grain

{granularity}

grain at English => English (WordNet) Of Explained:

grain
v 1: thoroughly work in; "His hands were grained with dirt" [syn:
{ingrain}]
2: paint (a surface) to make it look like stone or wood
3: form into grains [syn: {granulate}]
4: become granular [syn: {granulate}]

grain
n 1: a small hard particle; "a grain of sand"
2: foodstuff prepared from the starchy grains of cereal grasses
[syn: {food grain}, {cereal}]
3: used for pearls or diamonds: 50 mg or 1/4 carat [syn: {metric
grain}]
4: 1/60 dram; equals an avoirdupois grain or 64.799 milligrams
5: 1/7000 pound; equals a troy grain or 64.799 milligrams
6: dry seedlike fruit produced by the cereal grasses: e.g.
wheat, barley, Indian corn [syn: {caryopsis}]
7: the direction or texture of fibers found in wood or leather
or stone or in a woven fabric; "saw the board across the
grain"

grain at English (WD) Of Explained:

==English==
Inter: wikipedia » mul=Wood grain
Category: Image - :Assorted grains.jpg|thumb|right|Mixed grain—the harvested seeds
Category: Image - :Buche Holz 1.jpg|thumb|right|A close-up of wood grain—texture of material

Etymology

From Inter: etyl » fro Inter: term » grain|lang=fro, from Inter: etyl » la Inter: term » granum|grānum|seed|lang=la, from Inter: etyl » ine-pro|en Inter: recons » ǵr̥h₂nóm||grain|lang=ine-pro. Compare English Inter: term » corn|lang=en.

Pronunciation

* Inter: IPA » /ɡɹeɪn/
  • Inter: audio » en-us-grain.ogg|Audio (US)
  • Inter: rhymes » eɪn

    Noun

    Inter: en-noun » s|-


  • Inter: uncountabl » e The harvested seeds of various grass-related food crops eg: wheat, corn, barley.
    1. : We stored a thousand tons of grain for the winter.
    2. Inter: countabl » e A single seed of grain.
    3. : a grain of wheat
    4. Inter: context » countable|uncountable The crops from which grain is harvested.
    5. : The fields were planted with grain.
    6. Inter: uncountabl » e A linear texture of a material or surface.
    7. : Cut along the grain of the wood.
    8. Inter: countabl » e A single particle of a substance.
    9. : a grain of sand
    10. : a grain of salt
    11. Inter: countabl » e A very small unit of weight, in England equal to 1/480 of an ounce troy, 0.0648 grams or, to be more exact, 64.79891 milligrams. A carat grain or pearl grain is 1/4 carat or 50 milligrams. The old French grain was 1/9216 livre or 53.11 milligrams, and in the mesures usuelles permitted from 1812 to 1839, with the livre redefined as 500 grams, it was 54.25 milligrams.
    12. Inter: countabl » e A former unit of gold purity, also known as carat grain, equal to Inter: frac » 4 "carat" (karat).
    13. (materials) A region within a material having a single crystal structure or direction.
    14. An iron fish spear with a number of points half-barbed inwardly.
    15. : 1770: Served 5 lb of fish per man which was caught by striking with grains — journal of Stephen Forwood (gunner on Category: w - :HM Bark Endeavour|H.M. Bark Endeavour), 4 May 1770, quoted by Parkin (page 195).

      Derived terms

      * against the grain

  • grain of salt

    Related terms

    * coarse-grained
  • fine-grained
  • grosgrain
  • granary
  • granular
  • granularity
  • granulate
  • granulation

    See also

    * cereal

    Translations

    Inter: trans-top » harvested seeds of various grass-related food crops
  • Akkadian: {{tø|akk|
  • gràin at English (WD) Of Explained:

    ==Scottish Gaelic==

    Noun

    Inter: gd-noun » g=f|gen=gràine|pl=?
  • hate, hatred, disgust

    Derived terms

    * Inter: l » gd|gràin-cinnidh

  • Translation: lt » gràin
    Translation: mg » gràin