Gran Colombia at English => English (The Britannica Concise) Of Explained:
Former S. Amer. republic 1822-30. Formerly the viceroyalty of New Granada, it included roughly the modern nations of Colombia, Panama, Venezuela, and Ecuador. Gran Colombia was formed in 1819 during the war for independence from Spain, with its capital at Bogotá . S. Bolí var was its creator and first president. Gran Colombia had a vigorous existence during the war, becoming independent in 1822, and was dissolved with the secession of Venezuela and Ecuador in 1830.