Online Dictionary

gruff Explained

gruff at CMU American English spelling Of Explained:


gruff at English => English (English Etymology) Of Explained:

1533, from M.Du. or M.L.G. grof "coarse (in quality), thick, large" (cognate with O.E. hreof, O.N. hrjufr "rough, scabby"). Sense of "rough, surly" first recorded c.1690. ///

gruff at English => English (Longman) Of Explained:

adj [Date: 1400-1500; Language: Dutch; Origin: grof]// speaking in a rough, unfriendly voice// --His manner can be rather gruff.// --a gruff reply// --His voice became gruff.// -- gruffly adv // -- gruffness n [U] //

gruff at Swedish => english Of Explained:


gruff at English => English (Moby Thesaurus II) Of Explained:

86 Moby Thesaurus words for "gruff":
abrupt, acerb, acid, acrimonious, aggressive, bad-tempered,
bearish, beastly, biting, bluff, blunt, boorish, brash, brassy,
brazen, brusque, cantankerous, caustic, cavalier, choked, churlish,
coarse, crabbed, crabby, cracked, croaking, croaky, cross,
crotchety, crusty, curt, cutting, deep, dour, dry, fierce, grouchy,
growling, grumbling, grumbly, grumpish, grumpy, guttural, harsh,
harsh-sounding, hoarse, husky, ill-humored, ill-natured, irascible,
irritable, low, metallic, morose, peevish, petulant, querulous,
ragged, rasping, raucid, raucous, rough, roupy, rude, saturnine,
severe, sharp, short, short-tempered, snippety, snippy, sour,
squawking, squawky, stertorous, stinging, strangled, sulky, sullen,
surly, testy, thick, throaty, tinny, truculent, uncivil

gruff at English => English (English Thesaurus) Of Explained:

[ADJ] (Harsh sounds): creaking, harsh, coarse, hoarse, rough, gruff, sepulchral, hollow, sharp, high, acute, shrill, strident, piercing, ear-piercing, high-pitched, cracked, discordant, cacophonous.

gruff at English => English (Oxford Advanced Learners) Of Explained:

1 (of a voice) deep and harsh, and often sounding unfriendly
2 (of a person's behaviour) unfriendly and impatient:
Beneath his gruff exterior, he's really very kind-hearted.
gruffly adverb

Gruff at English => English (Websters 1913) Of Explained:

Gruff \Gruff\, a. [Compar. {Gruffer}; superl. {Gruffest}.] [D.
grof; akin to G. grob, OHG. gerob, grob, Dan. grov, Sw. grof,
perh. akin to AS. rc['o]fan to break, Z. reavc, rupture, g-
standing for the AS. prefix ge-, Goth. ga-.]
Of a rough or stern manner, voice, or countenance; sour;
surly; severe; harsh. --Addison.

Gruff, disagreeable, sarcastic remarks. --Thackeray.
-- {Gruff"ly}, adv. -- {Gruff"ness}, n.

gruff at English => English (WordNet) Of Explained:

adj 1: brusque and surly and forbidding; "crusty remarks"; "a
crusty old man"; "his curmudgeonly temper"; "gruff
manner"; "a gruff reply" [syn: {crusty}, {curmudgeonly},
{ill-humored}, {ill-humoured}]
2: deep and harsh sounding as if from shouting or illness or
emotion; "gruff voices"; "the dog's gruff barking";
"hoarse cries"; "makes all the instruments sound powerful
but husky"- Virgil Thomson [syn: {hoarse}, {husky}]

gruff at English (WD) Of Explained:



Inter: etyl » dum|en Inter: term » grof||lang=dum|coarse


* Inter: IPA » /ɡɹʌf/, Inter: X-SAMPA » /grVf/
  • Inter: rhymes » ʌf


    Inter: en-adj » gruffer|gruffest

  • To have a rough, surly, or harsh nature.
    1. Hoarse voiced.


      * 1727 "The manner of it was more after the pleasing Transports of those ancient Poets you are often charm'd with, than after the fierce unsociable way of modern Zealots; those starch'd gruff Gentlemen, who guard Religion as Bullys to a Mistress, and give us the while a very indifferent Opinion of their Lady's Merit, and their own Wit, by adoring what they neither allow to be inspected by others, nor care themselves to examine in a fair light." ---Anthony Ashley Cooper Shaftesbury. Characteristicks of men, manners, opinions, times. Vol II. p218

  • 1729 "They had no Titles of Honour among them, but such as denoted some Bodily Strength or Perfection, as such an one the Tall, such an one the Stocky, such an one the Gruff." ---Joseph Addison, Richard Steele. The Spectator. Vol VI, No 433. p146

  • 1825 "Mr. Suberville, as well as she, surprised and pleased at this proof of politeness so unsuited to his gouty appearance and gruff manners, looked at him in astonishment, but were sorry to perceive him stoop down as if he had strained his leg in the exertion, while the pain it caused seemed to have driven every drop of his blood into his sallow face." ---Thomas Colley Grattan. High-ways and by-ways. Vol III. p209-10

    Derived terms

    * gruffly
    • gruffness


      Inter: trans-top » rough-, surly-natured
    • Russian: Inter: t+ » ru|грубый|m|tr=grúbyj|sc=Cyrl, Inter: t+ » ru|неприветливый|m|tr=neprivétlivyj|sc=Cyrl, Inter: t+ » ru|сердитый|m|tr=serdítyj|sc=Cyrl

    Inter: trans-mi » d
    Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » hoarse-voiced
    • Russian: Inter: t+ » ru|грубый|n|tr=grúbyj|sc=Cyrl, Inter: t- » ru|хриплый|m|tr=xríplyj|sc=Cyrl

    Inter: trans-mi » d
    Inter: trans-botto » m
  • Icelandic: hás Inter: m » f, hást {{n}}; rámur

  • Swedish


    Inter: sv-noun » g=n
  • argument, quarrel

  • Translation: de » gruff
    Translation: et » gruff
    Translation: fr » gruff
    Translation: ko » gruff
    Translation: io » gruff
    Translation: it » gruff
    Translation: kn » gruff
    Translation: my » gruff
    Translation: pl » gruff
    Translation: fi » gruff
    Translation: te » gruff
    Translation: vi » gruff
    Translation: zh » gruff