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hindenburg, paul von Explained

Hindenburg, Paul von at English => English (The Britannica Concise) Of Explained:

German field marshal and second president (1925-34) of the Weimar Republic. Born to an aristocratic Prussian family, he retired from the Prussian army as a general in 1911. Recalled to duty in World War I, he commanded German forces in E. Prussia and became a national hero after the Battle of Tannenberg (1914). With E. Ludendorff as his chief aide, he nominally commanded all German forces until the end of the war, then retired again in 1919. Supported by conservative groups, he was elected president of Germany in 1925. When the Great Depression led to a political crisis, he was pressured to make the government more independent of parliamentary controls. In 1930 he allowed Chancellor H. Brü ning to dissolve the Reichstag, and in the new elections the Nazis emerged as the second-largest party. In 1932 he was reelected president by opponents of the Nazis; however, his advisers considered the Nazis useful, and in 1933 he was persuaded to appoint A. Hitler chancellor.