Online Dictionary

incumbent Explained

incumbent at CMU American English spelling Of Explained:

[ın'kʌmbənt]

incumbent at English => English (English Etymology) Of Explained:

c.1410, from M.L. incumbentem (nom. incumbens) "holder of a church position," from prp. of incumbere "to obtain or possess," from L. incumbere "recline on, apply oneself to," from in- "on" + -combere "lie down," related to cubare "lie." Extended to holders of any office from 1672. ///

incumbent at English => English (Longman) Of Explained:

n [C] formal [Date: 1400-1500; Language: Latin; Origin: , present participle of incumbere 'to lie down on']// someone who has been elected to an official position, especially in politics, and who is doing that job at the present time// --In the June elections, Morris easily defeated the incumbent, Tom Smith.//
incumbent 2 adj formal
1 it is incumbent upon/on sb to do sth: if it is incumbent upon you to do something, it is your duty or responsibility to do it// --It is incumbent upon parents to control what their children watch on TV.//
2 the incumbent president/priest/government etc: the president etc at the present time//

INCUMBENT at English => English (devils) Of Explained:

orlao2 dong4 jie2International Labor Day (May Day)lao2 dong4 zhe5labor

incumbent at English => English (Moby Thesaurus II) Of Explained:

89 Moby Thesaurus words for "incumbent":
addressee, artist-in-residence, beetle, beetle-browed, beetling,
behooving, benefice-holder, beneficiary, binding, bridging,
burdensome, chargeable to, commanding, compulsory, cumbersome,
cumbrous, demanding, denizen, dweller, habitant, hirer, holdover,
homesteader, house detective, imbricate, impendent, impending,
incumbent on, inhabitant, inhabiter, inmate, inpatient, ins,
intern, jack-in-office, jutting, lame duck, lapping, leaseholder,
lessee, live-in maid, locum tenens, lodger, lowering, lumpish,
mandatory, massive, necessary, new broom, obligatory, occupant,
occupier, office-bearer, officeholder, official, onerous,
oppressive, overarched, overhanging, overhung, overlapping,
overlying, paying guest, pending, prescribed, president-elect,
projecting, public official, public servant, renter, required,
residencer, resident, resident physician, residentiary, resider,
roomer, shingled, sojourner, spanning, squatter, sublessee,
subtenant, superincumbent, tenant, tenant at sufferance,
tenant for life, underlessee, unwieldy

incumbent at English => English (English Thesaurus) Of Explained:

[N] (Inhabitant): inhabitant, resident, dweller, addressee, occupier, occupant, householder, lodger, inmate, tenant, incumbent, sojourner, settler, squatter, colonist, islander, denizen, citizen, townsman, villager, compatriot.

incumbent at English => English (Oxford Advanced Learners) Of Explained:

noun, adjective
noun a person who has an official position:
the present incumbent of the White House / 10 Downing Street
adjective
1 [only before noun] having an official position:
the incumbent president
2 ~ upon / on sb (formal) necessary as part of sb's duties:
It was incumbent on them to attend.

INCUMBENT at English => English (Bouviers Law) Of Explained:

INCUMBENT, eccles. law. A clerk resident on his benefice with cure; he is so
called because he does, or ought to, bend the whole of his studies to his
duties. In common parlance, it signifies one who is in the possession of an
office, as, the present incumbent.

Incumbent at English => English (Websters 1913) Of Explained:

Incumbent \In*cum"bent\, a. [L. incumbens, -entis, p. pr. of
incumbere to lie down upon, press upon; pref. in- in, on +
cumbere (in comp.); akin to cubare to lie down. See
{Incubate}.]
1. Lying; resting; reclining; recumbent; superimposed;
superincumbent.

Two incumbent figures, gracefully leaning upon it.
--Sir H.
Wotton.

To move the incumbent load they try. --Addison.

2. Lying, resting, or imposed, as a duty or obligation;
obligatory; always with on or upon.

All men, truly zealous, will perform those good
works that are incumbent on all Christians. --Sprat.

3. (Bot.) Leaning or resting; -- said of anthers when lying
on the inner side of the filament, or of cotyledons when
the radicle lies against the back of one of them. --Gray.

4. (Zo["o]l.) Bent downwards so that the ends touch, or rest
on, something else; as, the incumbent toe of a bird.

Incumbent \In*cum"bent\, n.
A person who is in present possession of a benefice or of any
office.

The incumbent lieth at the mercy of his patron.
--Swift.

incumbent at English => English (WordNet) Of Explained:

incumbent
adj 1: lying or leaning on something else; "an incumbent geological
formation"
2: currently holding an office; "the incumbent governor"
n : the official who holds an office [syn: {officeholder}]

incumbent at English (WD) Of Explained:

==English==

Etymology

From Inter: etyl » enm, from stem Inter: term » |incumbent-|lang=la, of Inter: etyl » ML.|en Inter: term » incumbens|incumbēns|holder of a church position|lang=la, from Inter: etyl » la present participle of Inter: term » incumbo|incumbō|lang=la|I lie down upon.

Adjective

Inter: en-ad » j
  • Imposed on someone as an obligation, especially due to one's office.
    1. : Proper behavior is incumbent on all holders of positions of trust.
    2. Inter: geolog » y Resting on something else.
    3. Being the current holder of an office or a title.
    4. : If the incumbent senator dies, he is replaced by a person appointed by the governor.

      Translations

      Inter: trans-top » imposed on someone as an obligation, especially due to one's office

  • Finnish: velvollisuutena oleva
  • Italian: Inter: t- » it|incombente, Inter: t+ » it|obbligatorio

  • Inter: trans-mi » d
    • Russian: Inter: t- » ru|возложенный
    • Turkish: Inter: t+ » tr|yükümlü, Inter: t+ » tr|ödevli, Inter: t+ » tr|görevli


    Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » resting on something else
    Inter: trans-mi » d
    Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » being the current holder of an office
    • Catalan: Inter: t+ » ca|titular
    • Dutch: Inter: t+ » nl|zittend
    • French: Inter: t- » fr|en titre, Inter: t+ » fr|sortant
    • German: Inter: t+ » de|amtierend
    • Hungarian: hivatalban lévő
    • Indonesian: Inter: t- » id|yang berkuasa, Inter: t- » id|yang menjabat, Inter: t+ » id|inkamben


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Italian: Inter: t+ » it|titolare, Inter: t- » it|in carica
  • Korean: Inter: t- » ko|재임중인|tr=在任中인, jaeimjung-in|sc=Hang
  • Portuguese: Inter: t+ » pt|titular|c
  • Turkish: Inter: t+ » tr|görevli, Inter: t+ » tr|muvazzaf

  • Inter: trans-botto » m

    Noun

    Inter: en-nou » n
  • The current holder of an office, such as ecclesiastical benefice or an elected office.
    1. 2012, The Economist, 06 Oct 2012 issue, The first presidential debate: Back in the centre, back in the game
    2. :Mr Obama’s problems were partly structural. An incumbent must defend the realities and compromises of government, while a challenger is freer to promise the earth, details to follow. Mr Obama’s odd solution was to play both incumbent and challenger, jumping from a defence of his record to indignation at such ills as over-crowded classrooms and tax breaks for big oil companies.
    3. Inter: busines » s A holder of a position as supplier to a market or market segment that allows the holder to earn above-normal profits.
    4. 2012, Category: w - :The Economist|The Economist, Sep 29th 2012 issue, Schumpeter: Fixing the capitalist machine
    5. :American capitalism is becoming like its European cousin: established firms with the scale and scope to deal with a growing thicket of regulations are doing well, but new companies are withering on the vine or selling themselves to incumbents.

      Translations

      Inter: trans-top » current holder of an office

  • Catalan: Inter: t+ » ca|titular|m|f
  • Dutch: Inter: t- » nl|plaatsbekleder
  • Estonian: ametisolija; ametikoha täitja
  • Finnish: viranhaltija
  • French: Inter: t+ » fr|administrateur|m

  • Inter: trans-mi » d
    • German: Inter: t+ » de|Amtsinhaber|m
    • Indonesian: Inter: t+ » id|penguasa, Inter: t+ » id|pejabat, Inter: t+ » id|inkamben
    • Italian: Inter: t- » it|in carica, Inter: t+ » it|titolare
    • Portuguese: Inter: t+ » pt|titular|c
    • Spanish: Inter: t+ » es|titular
    • Turkish: Inter: t+ » tr|görevli, Inter: t+ » tr|memur


    Inter: trans-botto » m

    See also

    * Inter: pedi » a

    Latin

    Verb

    Inter: la-verb-form » incumbent
  • Inter: conjugation of » incumbo|incumbō|3|p|fut|act|ind|lang=la

  • Translation: cs » incumbent
    Translation: cy » incumbent
    Translation: et » incumbent
    Translation: el » incumbent
    Translation: fr » incumbent
    Translation: ko » incumbent
    Translation: io » incumbent
    Translation: kn » incumbent
    Translation: hu » incumbent
    Translation: mg » incumbent
    Translation: ml » incumbent
    Translation: my » incumbent
    Translation: pl » incumbent
    Category: simple:incumbent -
    Translation: fi » incumbent
    Translation: sv » incumbent
    Translation: ta » incumbent
    Translation: te » incumbent
    Translation: vi » incumbent
    Translation: zh » incumbent