Online Dictionary

must Explained

must at CMU American English spelling Of Explained:


must at English => English (Longman) Of Explained:

modal v negative short form mustn't // [Language: Old English; Origin: moste, from motan 'to be allowed to, have to']//
1 : past tense had to to have to do something because it is necessary or important, or because of a law or order// have, oblige// --All passengers must wear seat belts.// --It's getting late. I really must go.// --You must work hard.// --We must all be patient.// --Must I pay now?// --For the engine to work, the green lever must be in the 'up' position.// --Accidents must be reported to the safety officer.//
2 used in negative sentences to say that something should not happen, because of a rule or law or because of the situation: --You mustn't talk to your mother like that.// --This book must not be removed from the library.// --We must never forget how much we owe to these brave men.// --No one must disturb him while he's sleeping.//
3 used to say you think something is very likely to be true or very likely to have happened: --Sam must be nearly 90 years old now.// --His new car must have cost around [hA124]20,000.// --You must have been really upset.// --There must be something wrong with the engine.// --Karl must've seen 'Star Wars' six or seven times.//
4 especially BrE spoken used to suggest that someone should do something, especially because you think they will enjoy it or you think it is a good idea: --You must come and stay with us in London sometime.// --'We must do this again,' he said. 'I've enjoyed it thoroughly.'//
5 especially BrE spoken used to say that you intend or want to do something: --I must call her tonight.//
6 I must admit/say/confess: spoken used to emphasize what you are saying// --I must say, it gave me quite a shock.//
7 (why) must you...?: spoken used to tell someone that their behaviour upsets or annoys you// --Must you spoil everything?// --Why must you always be so suspicious?//
8 a must-have/must-see/must-read etc: informal something that is so good, exciting, or interesting that you think people should have it, see it etc// --The exhibit is a must-see for anyone interested in Japanese art.// --a must-read novel//
9 if you must (do sth): spoken used to tell someone that they are allowed to do something, but that you do not approve of it or agree with it// --All right, come along, if you must.// --If you must smoke, please go outside.//
10 if you must know: spoken used when you answer a question that you think someone should not have asked, because it is slightly impolite// --Well, if you must know, I'm thirty-six.// you must be joking at joke2 (2)//
must 2 n [C usually singular] [Date: 1800-1900; Origin: MUST1]// something that you must do or must have// --Warm clothes are a must in the mountains.//

must at Hungarian => English Of Explained:


must at Swedish => English Of Explained:


must at Swedish => english Of Explained:


must at English => English (Moby Thesaurus II) Of Explained:

163 Moby Thesaurus words for "must":
absolute, allegiance, assigned task, bare necessities, be forced,
be in for, be necessary, be obliged, binding, blast, blight,
bounden duty, burden, burning, business, call for, call of duty,
cancer, canker, cannot do otherwise, cannot help but, charge,
commitment, committal, compulsory, conclusive, condition,
de rigueur, decisive, deference, demand, demand for, demi-sec,
desideration, desideratum, devoir, devotion, dictated,
domestic wine, dry rot, duties and responsibilities, duty,
entailed, essential, essentials, estral, estrous, estrual, ethics,
extra sec, fealty, fetidity, fetidness, final, foulness, frowst,
frowstiness, frowziness, fungus, funkiness, fustiness,
hard-and-fast, have, have got to, have need to, have to, homage,
hot, imperative, imperious, imported wine, imposed, in heat,
in must, in rut, indispensable, irrevocable, light wine,
line of duty, loyalty, malodorousness, mandated, mandatory, mildew,
mission, mold, moldiness, moth, moth and rust, must item,
mustiness, musty, necessaries, necessary, necessities, necessity,
need, need for, need to, needs must, new wine, noisomeness,
nonvintage wine, obligation, obligatory, occasion, odorousness,
offensiveness, onus, ought, ought to, peremptory, pest, pink wine,
place, prerequirement, prerequisite, prescript, prescriptive,
putridness, rancidity, rancidness, rankness, reastiness, red wine,
repulsiveness, required, requirement, requisite, requisition,
respect, right, rose wine, rot, rottenness, rust, rutting, ruttish,
rutty, sec, self-imposed duty, should, sine qua non, smelliness,
smooth wine, smut, sparkling wine, still wine, stinkingness,
stuffiness, sweet wine, the necessary, the needful, thin wine,
ultimate, vin, vino, vintage wine, want, white wine, wine,
without appeal, worm

must at Hungarian => English Of Explained:


must at English => English (English Thesaurus) Of Explained:

[N] (Impurity): impurity, dirtiness, defilement, contamination, abomination, taint, fetor, decay, putrescence, putrefaction, corruption, mold, must, mildew, rot, dirt, filth, filthiness, soil, muck.

Must at English => English (Websters 1913) Of Explained:

Must \Must\, v. t. & i.
To make musty; to become musty.

Must \Must\ (m[u^]st), v. i. or auxiliary. [OE. moste, a pret.
generally meaning, could, was free to, pres. mot, moot, AS.
m[=o]ste, pret. m[=o]t, pres.; akin to D. moetan to be
obliged, OS. m[=o]tan to be free, to be obliged, OHG. muozan,
G. m["u]ssen to be obliged, Sw. m[*a]ste must, Goth.
gam[=o]tan to have place, have room, to able; of unknown
1. To be obliged; to be necessitated; -- expressing either
physical or moral necessity; as, a man must eat for
nourishment; we must submit to the laws.

2. To be morally required; to be necessary or essential to a
certain quality, character, end, or result; as, he must
reconsider the matter; he must have been insane.

Likewise must the deacons be grave. --1 Tim. iii.

Morover, he [a bishop] must have a good report of
them which are without. --1 Tim. iii.

Note: The principal verb, if easily supplied by the mind, was
formerly often omitted when must was used; as, I must
away. ``I must to Coventry.'' --Shak.

Must \Must\, n. [AS. must, fr. L. mustum (sc. vinum), from
mustus young, new, fresh. Cf. {Mustard}.]
1. The expressed juice of the grape, or other fruit, before
fermentation. ``These men ben full of must.'' --Wyclif
(Acts ii. 13. ).

No fermenting must fills . . . the deep vats.

2. [Cf. {Musty}.] Mustiness.

Must \Must\ (m[u^]st), n. [Hind. mast intoxicated, ruttish, fr.
Skr. matta, p.p. of mad to rejoice, intoxicate.] (Zo["o]l.)
Being in a condition of dangerous frenzy, usually connected
with sexual excitement; -- said of adult male elephants which
become so at irregular intervals. -- n.
(a) The condition of frenzy.
(b) An elephant in must.

must at English => English (WordNet) Of Explained:

adj : highly recommended; "a book that is must reading" [syn: {must(a)}]

n 1: a necessary or essential thing; "seat belts are an absolute
2: grape juice before or during fermentation
3: the quality of smelling or tasting old or stale or mouldy
[syn: {mustiness}, {moldiness}]

must at Sanskrit => English (Monier-Williams) Of Explained:


1[ must ] ( prob. artificial ) , cl. 10. P. [ mustayati ] , to gather
, collect cf. Dhātup. xxxii , 87


must at English (WD) Of Explained:



* Inter: qualifier » stressed Inter: IPA » /mʌst/, Inter: X-SAMPA » /mVst/
  • Inter: qualifier » unstressed Inter: IPA » /məs(t)/, Inter: X-SAMPA » /m@s(t)/
  • Inter: audio » en-us-must.ogg|Audio (US)
  • Inter: rhymes » ʌst
  • Inter: homophones » mussed

    Etymology 1

    From Inter: etyl » enm Inter: term » moste||must|lit=had to|lang=enm, from Inter: etyl » ang Inter: term » moste|mōste|had to|lang=ang, 1st & 3rd person singular past tense of Inter: term » motan|mōtan|to be allowed, be able to, have the opportunity to, be compelled to, must, may|lang=ang. Cognate with Dutch Inter: term » moest||had to|lang=nl, German Inter: term » musste||had to|lang=de, Swedish Inter: term » måste||must, have to, be obliged to|lang=sv. More at mote.


    Inter: head » en|verb

  • Inter: context » modal|_|auxiliary|defective to do with certainty; Inter: non-gloss definition » indicates that the speaker is certain that the subject will have executed the predicate
    1. : If it rained all day, it must be very wet outside.
    2. : You picked one of two, and it wasnt the first: it must have been the second.''
    3. Inter: context » modal|_|auxiliary|defective to do as a requirement; Inter: non-gloss definition » indicates that the sentence subject is required as an imperative or directive to execute the sentence predicate, with failure to do so resulting in a negative consequence
    4. : You must arrive in class on time. — the requirement is an imperative
    5. : This door handle must be rotated fully. — the requirement is a directive
      * 1936, Translation: :w » Alfred Edward Housman|Alfred Edward Housman, More Poems, IX, lines 3-6

  • : Forth I wander, forth I must,
  • : And drink of life again.
  • : Forth I must by hedgerow bowers
  • : To look at the leaves uncurled
  • 1937 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit
  • : We must away ere break of day
  • : To seek the pale enchanted gold.
  • 1968 Fritz Leiber, Swords in the Mist
  • : Whereupon while one patched or napped, the other must stand guard against inquisitive two- and three-headed dragons and even an occasional monocephalic.
    Usage notes
    * Inter: sense » auxiliary|to do with certainty Compare with weaker auxiliary verb Inter: term » should, indicating a strong probability of the predicate's execution.
  • Inter: sense » auxiliary|to do as a requirement Compare with weaker auxiliary verb Inter: term » should, indicating mere intent for the predicate's execution; and stronger auxiliary verb Inter: term » will, indicating that the negative consequence will be unusually severe.
  • The past tense of "must" is also "must"; however, this usage is almost always literary (see Fritz Leiber quotation above). The past sense is usually conveyed by Inter: term » had to. It is possible to use Inter: term » be bound to for the past also. For this reason, Inter: term » have to and Inter: term » be bound to are also used as alternatives to Inter: term » must in the present and future.
  • The principal verb, if easily supplied, may be omitted. In modern usage this is mainly literary (see Housman and Tolkien quotations above).
  • Inter: term » must|Must is unusual in its negation. Inter: term » must not|Must not still expresses a definite certainty or requirement, with the predicate negated. Inter: term » need|Need, on the other hand, is negated in the usual manner. Compare:

  • :: You must not read that book. (It is necessary that you not read that book.)
    :: You need not read that book. (It is not necessary that you read that book.)
    See also
    * Category: Appendix:English tag questions -
    Inter: trans-top » must
    • Arabic: Inter: t+ » ar|وجب|tr=wajaba|sc=Arab (present tense: Inter: t- » ar|يجب|tr=yájib), Inter: t- » ar|لابد|tr=lābudda|sc=Arab, Inter: t- » ar|يتحتم|tr=yataḥáttam, Inter: t- » ar|يلزم|tr=yálzam, Inter: t- » ar|علي أن|tr=ʿalayya ʾan
    • : Egyptian Arabic: Inter: qualifier » adjective Inter: t- » ar|لازم|tr=laazim
    • : Levantine Arabic: Inter: qualifier » adjective Inter: t- » ar|لازم|tr=laazim
    • Belarusian: Inter: t- » be|мусіць|tr=músic', Inter: qualifier » predicative Inter: t- » be|павінен|tr=pavínen
    • Bulgarian: Inter: t+ » bg|трябва|tr=trjabva
    • Catalan: Inter: t+ » ca|deure
    • Chinese:
    • : Mandarin: Inter: t+ » cmn|應該|sc=Hani, Inter: t+ » cmn|应该|tr=yīnggāi|sc=Hani, Inter: t+ » cmn|必須|sc=Hani, Inter: t+ » cmn|必须|tr=bìxū|sc=Hani
    • Czech: Inter: t+ » cs|musit
    • Dalmatian: Inter: tø » dlm|dovar
    • Danish: Inter: t+ » da|skulle
    • Dutch: Inter: t+ » nl|moeten
    • Esperanto: Inter: t- » eo|devi
    • Finnish: Inter: t+ » fi|täytyy
    • French: Inter: t+ » fr|devoir
    • Georgian: Inter: t- » ka|უნდა|tr=unda|sc=Geor
    • German: Inter: t+ » de|müssen
    • Greek: Inter: t+ » el|πρέπει||tr=prépei
    • Haitian Creole: Inter: tø » ht|dwe
    • Hindi: Inter: t- » hi|चाहिए|tr=cāhie, Inter: t- » hi|पड़ना|tr=paṛnā, (pattern: dative + verb + होना (honā)), Inter: t- » hi|होगा|tr=hogā
    • Hungarian: Inter: t+ » hu|kell
    • Irish: Inter: t- » ga|caithfidh
    • Italian: Inter: t+ » it|dovere
    • Japanese: Inter: t- » ja|ならない|tr=...-nakereba naranai|alt=...なければならない (conditional negative form + "naranai"), Inter: t- » ja|いけない|tr=...-nakutewa ikenai|alt=...なくてはいけない (...-nakutewa ikenai) (conditional negative form + "ikenai"), Inter: t- » ja|駄目|tr=...-nai to dame da|alt=...ないと駄目だ (conditional negative form + "dame da")
    • Korean: Inter: t- » ko|해야 하다|tr=haeya hada|sc=Hang
    • Latin: Inter: t+ » la|debeo|alt=debeō, Inter: t- » la|debere, Inter: qualifier » use a verb in the periphrastic conjugations Inter: t- » la|futurus sum|tr= i must be, Inter: qualifier » use a verb in the periphrastic conjugations Inter: t- » la|servandus sum|tr=i must save

    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Lithuanian: privalo
  • Lojban: Inter: t- » jbo|bilga, Inter: t- » jbo|.ei
  • Macedonian: Inter: t- » mk|мора|tr=móra
  • Malay: Inter: t- » ms|mesti
  • Mongolian: Inter: t- » mn|ёстой|tr=yostóy|sc=Cyrl
  • Neapolitan: Inter: tø » nap|avé a
  • Norwegian: Inter: t+ » no|måtte
  • Old English: Inter: t- » ang|motan
  • Old Saxon: Inter: tø » osx|motan
  • Persian: Inter: t+ » fa|باید|tr=bâyad
  • Polish: Inter: t+ » pl|musieć
  • Portuguese: Inter: t+ » pt|dever
  • Romanian: Inter: t+ » ro|trebui
  • Russian: Inter: qualifier » predicative Inter: t+ » ru|должен|m|tr=dólžen, Inter: t- » ru|должна|f|tr=dolžná, Inter: t+ » ru|должно|m|tr=dolžnó, Inter: t- » ru|должны|p|tr=dolžný
  • Scots: Inter: tø » sco|maun
  • Serbo-Croatian:
  • : Cyrillic: Inter: t- » sh|морати|alt=мо́рати|sc=Cyrl
  • : Roman: Inter: t- » sh|morati|alt=mórati
  • Slovak: Inter: t- » sk|musieť
  • Slovene: Inter: t+ » sl|morati
  • Spanish: Inter: t+ » es|deber
  • Swedish: Inter: t+ » sv|måste
  • Thai: Inter: t- » th|ต้อง|tr=dtông
  • Tok Pisin: Inter: t+ » tpi|mas
  • Turkish: Inter: t- » tr|-meli, Inter: t- » tr|-malı, Inter: t- » tr|lazım olmak, Inter: t- » tr|gerek olmak
  • Ukrainian: Inter: t- » uk|мусити|tr=músyty, Inter: qualifier » predicative Inter: t- » uk|повиний|tr=povýnnyj
  • Urdu: Inter: t- » ur|چاہيے|tr=cāhiē, Inter: t- » ur|پڑنا|tr=paṛnā, (pattern: dative + verb + ہونا (hōnā))
  • Vietnamese: Inter: t+ » vi|phải
  • West Frisian: Inter: t- » fy|moatte

  • Inter: trans-botto » m


    Inter: en-nou » n
  • Something that is mandatory or required
    1. : If youll be out all day, sunscreen is a must.''
      * imperative
      * no-no
      Inter: trans-top » something mandatory

  • French: Inter: t+ » fr|must|m or Inter: t+ » fr|obligation|m
  • German: Inter: t+ » de|Muss|n
  • Greek: Inter: t+ » el|αναγκαιότητα|f|tr=anagkaiótita|sc=Grek, Inter: t+ » el|υποχρέωση|f|tr=ypochréosi|sc=Grek

  • Inter: trans-mi » d
    • Norwegian: Inter: t- » no|krav|n, Inter: t+ » no|must|n
    • Turkish: Inter: t+ » tr|gereklilik, Inter: t+ » tr|zorunluluk, Inter: t- » tr|olmazsa olmaz, Inter: t+ » tr|şart, Inter: t+ » tr|koşul, Inter: t+ » tr|şıra

    Inter: trans-botto » m

    Etymology 2

    Inter: etyl » fro Inter: term » must|lang=fro, Inter: term » most|lang=fro, from Inter: etyl » la Inter: term » mustum|lang=la


    Inter: en-nou » n
  • Something that exhibits the property of being stale or musty
    1. Fruit juice that will ferment or has fermented, usually grapes
      Inter: trans-top » unfermented fruit juice

  • Albanian: Inter: t- » sq|musht|m
  • Aromanian: Inter: t- » rup|mustu
  • French: Inter: t+ » fr|moût|m or Inter: t+ » fr|mout|m
  • Greek: Inter: t+ » el|μούστος|m|tr=moústos
  • Italian: Inter: t+ » it|mosto
  • Latin: Inter: t- » la|mustum

  • Inter: trans-mi » d
    • Romanian: Inter: t+ » ro|must
    • Serbo-Croatian:
    • : Cyrillic: Inter: t- » sh|мошт|m
    • : Roman: Inter: t- » sh|mošt|m
    • Spanish: Inter: t+ » es|mosto|m

    Inter: trans-botto » m


    Inter: en-ver » b
  • Inter: transitiv » e To make musty.
  • Inter: intransitiv » e To become musty.
    External links
    * Inter: pedialit » e

    Etymology 3

    Inter: etyl » fa Inter: term » مست|tr=mast||drunk, inebriated|sc=fa-Arab|lang=fa, from Inter: etyl » pal {{term|