Online Dictionary

tom Explained

tom at CMU American English spelling Of Explained:

[tɔm]

tom at English => English (English Etymology) Of Explained:

from the proper name Thomas, used in M.E. as a type of a nickname for a common man. Applied 17c. as a nickname for several exceptionally large bells. Tomboy (1553) was originally "rude, boisterous boy," later (1579) "bold or immodest woman," then (1592) "girl who acts like a spirited boy." Tomcat (1809), probably influenced by Tom the Cat in the popular children's book "The Life and Adventures of a Cat" (1760); replaced earlier Gib-cat, from dim. of Gilbert, though Tom was applied to male kittens c.1303. Used of the males of other beasts and birds since 1791. Tomfool "buffoon, clown," is 1650, from M.E. Thom Foole, personification of a mentally deficient man (1338); tomfoolery is from 1812. Tom and Jerry is first attested 1828 in many extended senses, originally the names of the two chief characters in Egan's "Life in London" (1821). Tom Thumb (1579) was a dwarf in popular tradition before P.T. Barnum took the name for one he exhibited. ///

tom at Interlingua => English Of Explained:

tom-[occurring in derivatives and compounds] -tom- (= cut, cutting)

tom at English => English (Longman) Of Explained:

n [C] [Date: 1700-1800; Origin: Tom male name, from Thomas]// informal a tomcat//

tom at Danish => English Of Explained:

, Pekingpen

tom at Danish => English Of Explained:

empty, void

töm at Hungarian => English Of Explained:

to clog, to fill, to gorge, to pad, to ram, to wad

tom at Norwegian => English Of Explained:

empty, inane, void

tom at Swedish => English Of Explained:

empty, vacant, void

töm at Swedish => English Of Explained:

retin

tom at Swedish => english Of Explained:

empty, hollow, inane, vacant, vacuous, void

töm at Swedish => english Of Explained:

retin

tom at English => English (Moby Thesaurus II) Of Explained:

98 Moby Thesaurus words for "tom":
Bantam, Cheshire cat, Chinchilla cat, Maltese cat, alley cat,
banty, barn-door fowl, barnyard fowl, biddy, billy, billy goat,
blue cat, boar, broiler, brooder, broody hen, bubbly-jock, buck,
bull, bullock, calico cat, capon, cat, chanticleer, chick,
chickabiddy, chicken, chicky, cock, cockerel, dog, domestic fowl,
drake, duck, duckling, dunghill fowl, entire, entire horse, feline,
fowl, fryer, game fowl, gander, gib, gib-cat, gobbler, goose,
gosling, grimalkin, guinea cock, guinea fowl, guinea hen, hart,
he-goat, hen, hen turkey, house cat, kit, kitling, kitten, kitty,
kitty-cat, mouser, partlet, peacock, poulard, poult, poultry,
pullet, puss, pussy, pussycat, ram, roaster, rooster, setting hen,
silver cat, spring chicken, stag, stallion, steer, stewing chicken,
stot, stud, studhorse, tabby, tabby cat, tiger cat, tom turkey,
tomcat, top cow, top horse, tortoise-shell cat, tup, turkey,
turkey gobbler, turkey-cock, wether

tom at Croatian => English Of Explained:


that, this, tome, volume

tom at Danish => English Of Explained:

empty, void

tom at Portuguese => English Of Explained:

tone

tom at Swedish => English Of Explained:

empty, void

tom at Polish => English Of Explained:

TOM
VOLUME

Tom at English => English (Oxford Advanced Learners) Of Explained:

noun
IDIOMS
any / every Tom, Dick and Harry (usually disapproving) any ordinary person rather than the people you know or people who have special skills or qualities:
We don't want any Tom, Dick, or Harry using the club bar.

tom at English => English (Oxford Advanced Learners) Of Explained:

noun
= TOMCAT

Tom at English => English (Websters 1913) Of Explained:

Tom \Tom\, n.
1. A familiar contraction of {Thomas}, a proper name of a
man.

2. The male of certain animals; -- often used adjectively or
in composition; as, tom turkey, tomcat, etc.

Tom \Tom\, n.
The knave of trumps at gleek. [Obs.]

Tom at English => English (WordNet) Of Explained:

Tom
n 1: contemptuous name for a Black man who is abjectly servile
and deferential to Whites [syn: {Uncle Tom}]
2: male cat [syn: {tomcat}]
3: male turkey [syn: {turkey cock}, {gobbler}, {tom turkey}]

tom at English (WD) Of Explained:

Inter: also » Appendix:Variations of "tom"

English

Pronunciation

* Inter: a » British Inter: IPA » /tɒm/, Inter: X-SAMPA » /tQm/
  • Inter: a » US Inter: IPA » /tɑm/, Inter: X-SAMPA » /tAm/
  • Inter: audio » en-us-tom.ogg|Audio (US)
  • Inter: rhymes » ɒm

    Etymology 1

    From generic use of the proper name Tom.

    Noun

    Inter: en-nou » n

  • The male of the domesticated cat.
    1. The male of the turkey.
    2. The male of certain other animals.
    3. Inter: British » slang A prostitute.
    4. Inter: musi » c A type of drum.
    5. Inter: obsolet » e The jack of trumps in the card game gleek.
      Synonyms
      * Inter: sense » male cat tomcat

  • Inter: sense » male turkey turkey-cock
  • Inter: sense » male of other animals male
  • Inter: sense » prostitute See also Category: Wikisaurus:prostitute -
    Derived terms
    Inter: top » 2
  • tomboy
  • tomcat

  • Inter: mid » 2
    • tomfool
    • tom-tit


    Inter: botto » m
    Translations
    Inter: trans-top » male cat
  • Belarusian: Inter: t+ » be|кот|m|tr=kot|sc=Cyrl
  • Breton: targazh {{m}}
  • Bulgarian: Inter: t- » bg|котарак|m|tr=kotarák|sc=Cyrl
  • Catalan: Inter: t+ » ca|gat|m (depending of the context is male or general)
  • Chinese:
  • : Mandarin: Inter: t » cmn|公貓|sc=Hani, Inter: t » cmn|公猫|tr=gōngmāo|sc=Hani, Inter: t » cmn|雄貓|sc=Hani, Inter: t » cmn|雄猫|tr=xióngmāo|sc=Hani
  • Czech: Inter: t+ » cs|kocour|m
  • Danish: Inter: t- » da|hankat|c
  • Dutch: Inter: t+ » nl|kater|m
  • Esperanto: Inter: t- » eo|virkato|m, Inter: t- » eo|katiĉo|m
  • Finnish: Inter: t+ » fi|kolli
  • French: Inter: t+ » fr|matou, Inter: t+ » fr|chat|m
  • German: Inter: t+ » de|Kater|m
  • Greek: Inter: t+ » el|γάτος|m|tr=gátos|sc=Grek
  • Hungarian: Inter: t+ » hu|kandúr
  • Icelandic: Inter: t- » is|högni|m
  • Italian: Inter: t+ » it|gatto|m

  • Inter: trans-mi » d
    • Japanese: Inter: t- » ja|雄猫|tr=おすねこ, osuneko, おねこ, oneko|sc=Jpan
    • Macedonian: Inter: t- » mk|мачор|m|tr=máčor|sc=Cyrl
    • Novial: kato
    • Polish: Inter: t+ » pl|kocur|m, Inter: t+ » pl|kot|m
    • Portuguese: Inter: t+ » pt|gato|m
    • Romanian: Inter: t+ » ro|cotoi|m
    • Russian: Inter: t+ » ru|кот|m|tr=kot
    • Serbo-Croatian:
    • : Cyrillic: Inter: t- » sh|мачор|m, Inter: t- » sh|мачак|m
    • : Roman: Inter: t- » sh|mačor|m, Inter: t- » sh|mačak|m
    • Slovak: Inter: t- » sk|kocúr|m
    • Spanish: Inter: t+ » es|gato|m
    • Swedish: Inter: t+ » sv|katt|c Inter: qualifier » also female; if gender is important, {{t+|sv|hankatt should be used}}
    • Ukrainian: Inter: t+ » uk|кіт|m|tr=kit|sc=Cyrl
    • Volapük: Inter: qualifier » ♂♀ Inter: t+ » vo|kat, Inter: qualifier » ♂ Inter: t+ » vo|hikat, Inter: qualifier » ♀ Inter: t+ » vo|jikat
    • West Frisian: Inter: t- » fy|boarre|c


    Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-see » male turkey|turkey-cock
    Inter: trans-top » male of other animals
    • Catalan: Inter: t+ » ca|mascle|m
    • Finnish: Inter: t+ » fi|koiras
    • French: Inter: t+ » fr|mâle|m
    • Italian: Inter: t+ » it|maschio|m


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Romanian: Inter: t- » ro|mascul|m
  • Russian: Inter: t+ » ru|самец|m|tr=saméc
  • Spanish: Inter: t+ » es|macho|m
  • Swedish: Inter: t+ » sv|hane|c

  • Inter: trans-botto » m

    Inter: trans-top » slang: prostitute
    : See also: prostitute
    Inter: trans-mi » d
    Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » drum type
    • Spanish: Inter: t- » es|tamtan|m


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Swedish: Inter: t- » sv|hängpuka|c, Inter: t+ » sv|tom|c

  • Inter: trans-botto » m

    Etymology 2

    Shortened from Inter: term » tomato|lang=en

    Noun

    Inter: en-nou » n
  • Inter: British » greengrocers'|_|slang A tomato Inter: qualifier » the fruit.
    1. : Toms 90p a pound

      Etymology 3

      Rhyming slang from Inter: term » tomfoolery|lang=en.

      Noun

      Inter: en-noun » -


  • Inter: Cockney rhyming slan » g jewellery

    Anagrams

    * Mot , MOT

  • Category: Category:en:Cats -

    Danish

    Etymology

    From Inter: etyl » non|da Inter: term » tómr|lang=non.

    Pronunciation

    * Inter: IPA » /tɔm/|tˢʌmˀ|lang=da

    Adjective

    Inter: head » da|adjective
  • empty

  • Old English

    Etymology

    Inter: etyl » gem-pro|ang Inter: recons » tōmaz||empty|lang=gem-pro. Akin to Inter: etyl » non|- Inter: term » tōmr|tomr|empty|lang=non, whence Icelandic Inter: term » tómur||empty|lang=is.

    Adjective

    Inter: head » ang|adjective|head=tōm
  • empty
    1. Inter: figurativel » y free from


    Polish

    Pronunciation

    * Inter: IPA » t̪ɔ̃m|lang=pl
    • Inter: audio » Pl-tom.ogg|audio

      Noun

      Inter: head » pl|noun|g=m


  • volume Inter: qualifier » single book of a publication issued in multi-book format

    Declension

    Inter: pl-decl-noun »

  • |tom|tomy
    |tomu|tomów
    |tomowi|tomom
    |tom|tomy
    |tomem|tomami
    |tomie|tomach
    |tomie|tomy


    Portuguese

    Etymology

    Borrowed from Inter: etyl » la|pt Inter: term » tonus|lang=la. Compare Spanish Inter: term » tono|lang=es.

    Pronunciation

    * Inter: IPA » /tõ/|lang=pt, Inter: X-SAMPA » /to~/|lang=pt

    Noun

    Inter: pt-noun » m
  • tone Inter: qualifier » property of sound determined by the frequency

    See also

    * trom

  • Scottish Gaelic

    Pronunciation

    * Inter: IPA » /t̪ʰɔum/|lang=gd

    Noun

    Inter: gd-noun » g=m|gen=tuim|pl=toman|pl2=tomannan
  • round hillock or knoll, rising ground, swell, green eminence
    1. any round heap
    2. tuft of anything
    3. bush, thicket
    4. anthill
    5. Inter: context » Islay|lang=gd stool
    6. volume of a book
    7. bank
    8. grave
    9. Inter: medicine » rare|lang=gd the plague
    10. conical knoll


    Slovene

    Noun

    Inter: sl-noun » m|tomi|toma
  • tome

    See also

    * zvezek {{m}}

  • Swedish

    Etymology

    From Inter: etyl » non|sv Inter: term » tómr|lang=en.

    Pronunciation

    * Inter: audio » Sv-tom.ogg|audio

    Adjective

    Inter: head » sv|adjective
  • empty

    Declension

    Inter: sv-adj-reg » 3=tomm

    Antonyms

    * full

    See also

    * tömma

  • Translation: be » tom
    Translation: cy » tom
    Translation: da » tom
    Translation: de » tom
    Translation: et » tom
    Translation: el » tom
    Translation: eu » tom
    Translation: fr » tom
    Translation: ko » tom
    Translation: io » tom
    Translation: id » tom
    Translation: is » tom
    Translation: it » tom
    Translation: ka » tom
    Translation: ku » tom
    Translation: lt » tom
    Translation: hu » tom
    Translation: mg » tom
    Translation: fj » tom
    Translation: nl » tom
    Translation: no » tom
    Translation: pl » tom
    Translation: pt » tom
    Translation: ro » tom
    Translation: ru » tom
    Translation: fi » tom
    Translation: sv » tom
    Translation: ta » tom
    Translation: tr » tom
    Translation: vi » tom
    Translation: vo » tom
    Translation: zh » tom

    Tom at English (WD) Of Explained:

    Inter: also » Appendix:Variations of "tom"

    English

    Pronunciation

    * Inter: a » RP Inter: IPA » /tɒm/
  • Inter: a » GenAm Inter: IPA » /tɑm/
  • Inter: rhymes » ɒm

    Etymology 1

    Proper noun

    Inter: en-proper nou » n

  • Inter: given name » male|diminutive=Thomas, also used as a formal male given name.
    1. 1605 Category: w - :William Shakespeare|William Shakespeare, King Lear, Act III, Scene IV:
    2. : Poor Tom's a-cold.
    3. Inter: RQ:Twain Sawyer » VI
    4. : "Becky Thatcher. What's yours? Oh, I know. It's Thomas Sawyer."
    5. : "That's the name they lick me by. I'm Tom when I'm good. You call me Tom, will you?"
    6. 2008 David Park, The Truth Commissioner, ISBN 9780747591290, page 366:
    7. : "We're not sure - we were expecting a girl for some reason. But we're thinking of something simple like Tom."
    8. : "Thomas?"
    9. : "No, just Tom."
    10. A nickname for the common man. Inter: defdate » since 1377
      Translations
      Inter: trans-top » male diminutive

  • Latvian: Inter: qualifier » transliteration Inter: t- » lv|Toms|m

  • Inter: trans-mi » d
    Inter: botto » m

    See also

    * Tommy
    • Tom, Dick or Harry
    • tomboy
    • tomcat
    • tomfoolery
    • tomnoddy
    • peeping tom

      Etymology 2

      Possibly onomatopoeia, conflated with the given name, given the practice of giving objects such as Category: w - :Big Ben|Big Ben human names. Alternatively, it may derive from an inscription on the old bell used as metal to make the Great Tom of Oxford in 1680: In Thomæ laude resono bim bom sine fraude."Bells", The Penny Magazine, pp.404-406, 1834.

      Proper noun

      Inter: en-proper nou » n


  • A large, deep-toned bell, or a particularly notable example of one. Inter: defdate » since 17th century
    1. 1857, William Chambers, Robert Chambers, "Something about bells", Chamberss Journal'', vol. 28, no. 207, page 398.
    2. : They had a thick rim, and when struck with pieces of wood, gave out a tone deeper than that of some of the Great Toms renowned in belldom.
    3. 1857, "An earthquake in Honduras", Harpers Magazine'':
    4. : After these came innumerable little boys bearing little bells, which made little noises in comparison to the "Big Tom" that preceded them.
    5. 1825, Moncrieff, "A Parish-Clerk was Johnny Bell", The Universal Songster (in a song about a man who hangs himself in the bell tower):
    6. : And there little Johnny Bell hung dangling along with the great Tom bell, and all the rest of the bells.
    7. 1848, "The book auction of New York", The Literary World:
    8. : The city York does not know a better auctioneer; the celebrated Tom Bell not ringing clearer.
      Related terms
      * tom-tom

      References

      Statistics

      * Inter: rank » summer|simply|terrible|857|Tom|author|authority|pleasant

      Anagrams

      * Mot , MOT


    Category: Category:English diminutives of male given names -

    Danish

    Proper noun

    Inter: head » da|proper noun
  • Inter: given name » male|lang=da borrowed from Inter: etyl » en|da.

  • Dutch

    Proper noun

    Inter: head » nl|proper noun
  • Inter: given name » male|lang=nl borrowed from Inter: etyl » en|nl.

  • German

    Proper noun

    Inter: head » de|proper noun
  • Inter: given name » male|lang=de borrowed from Inter: etyl » en|de.

  • Norwegian

    Etymology

    From Inter: etyl » en|no Inter: term » Tom|lang=no. Taken to regular use as a given name in Norway in the 20th century.

    Proper noun

    Inter: no-proper nou » n
  • Inter: given name » male|lang=no.

    Related terms

    * Inter: l » no|Tomas
    • Inter: l » no|Tommy

      References

      * Kristoffer Kruken - Ola Stemshaug: Norsk personnamnleksikon, Det Norske Samlaget, Oslo 1995, ISBN 82-521-4483-7
    • [http://www.ssb.no/navn/ ] Statistisk sentralbyrå, Namnestatistikk: 15 517 males with the given name Tom living in Norway on January 1st 2011, with the frequency peak in the 1950s. Accessed on April 29th, 2011.


    Portuguese

    Proper noun

    Tom
  • A diminutive of the male given name Antônio, cognate to English Tony.

  • Category: Category:Portuguese diminutives of male given names -

    Swedish

    Proper noun

    Inter: head » sv|proper noun
  • Inter: given name » male|lang=sv borrowed from Inter: etyl » en|sv.

  • Translation: et » Tom
    Translation: es » Tom
    Translation: fr » Tom
    Translation: ko » Tom
    Translation: id » Tom
    Translation: hu » Tom
    Translation: no » Tom
    Translation: pl » Tom
    Translation: ru » Tom
    Translation: sr » Tom
    Translation: fi » Tom
    Translation: sv » Tom
    Translation: zh » Tom

    töm at English (WD) Of Explained:

    Inter: also » Appendix:Variations of "tom"

    Hungarian

    Pronunciation

    * Inter: IPA » /ˈtøm/|lang=hu

    Verb

    Inter: head » hu|verb
  • to stuff, to fill

    Synonyms

    * gyömöszöl
    • zsúfol

      Derived terms

      * temet
    • temérdek
    • tömb
    • tömeg
    • tömés
    • tömít
    • tömkeleg
    • tömör
    • tömzsi


    Category: Category:Hungarian three-letter words -

    Swedish

    Noun

    Inter: sv-noun » g=c
  • a rein (in the hands of the rider or horse driver)

    Declension

    Inter: sv-noun-irreg-c » töm|tömmen|tömmar

    Synonyms

    * tygel

    Related terms

    * tömlycka

    Verb

    Inter: head » sv|verb form

  • Inter: sv-verb-form-imp » tömma

  • Translation: io » töm
    Translation: hu » töm
    Translation: sv » töm

    TOM at English (WD) Of Explained:

    Inter: also » Appendix:Variations of "tom"

    French

    Pronunciation

    * Inter: audio » Fr-Paris--TOM.ogg|Audio (Paris)

    Inter: acronym » fr

    TOM
  • Category: w - :Territoire doutre-mer|Territoire d'outre-mer'' (A French overseas territory.)

    See also

    * COM
    • DOM

      Anagrams

      * mot



    Category: Category:French acronyms -
    Translation: el » TOM
    Translation: fr » TOM
    Translation: pl » TOM
    Translation: fi » TOM
    Translation: tr » TOM

  • tôm at English (WD) Of Explained:

    Inter: also » Appendix:Variations of "tom"

    Vietnamese

    Noun

    tôm
  • shrimp, prawn

    Derived terms

    *tôm hùm (lobster)

  • Category: Category:Vietnamese nouns -
    Category: Category:vi:Seafoods -
    Category: Category:vi:Crustaceans -
    Translation: fr » tôm
    Translation: ko » tôm
    Translation: mg » tôm
    Translation: th » tôm
    Translation: vi » tôm
    Translation: zh » tôm

    tóm at English (WD) Of Explained:

    Inter: also » Appendix:Variations of "tom"

    Icelandic

    Inter: wikipedia » Lofttæmi (vacuum)|lang=is

    Pronunciation

    * Inter: IPA » tʰouːm|lang=is
  • Inter: rhymes » ouːm|lang=is

    Etymology 1

    From Inter: term » tómur||empty|lang=is.

    Noun

    Inter: is-noun » n|tóms|-

  • empty space, emptinessInter: jump » emptiness|s
    1. a vacuumInter: jump » vacuum|s
    2. spaceInter: jump » space|s
    3. leisureInter: jump » leisure|s
      Declension
      Inter: is-decl-noun-n-s » t|ó|m|pl=-
      Derived terms
      * fá næði

  • fá næði til
  • í góðu næði
    Synonyms
    * Inter: jump » s|emptiness tómarúm
  • Inter: jump » s|vacuum lofttómt rúm, lofttæmi, vakúm
  • Inter: jump » s|space geimur
  • Inter: jump » s|leisure næði

    Etymology 2

    See Inter: term » tómur.

    Adjective

    Inter: head » is|adjective form

  • Inter: form of » feminine nominative singular|lang=is|tómur
    1. Inter: form of » neuter nominative plural|lang=is|tómur
    2. Inter: form of » neuter accusative plural|lang=is|tómur

      Anagrams

      * mót


    Translation: fr » tóm
    Translation: mg » tóm
    Translation: vi » tóm
    Translation: zh » tóm

  • tõm at English (WD) Of Explained:

    Inter: also » Appendix:Variations of "tom"

    Vietnamese

    Noun

    tõm
  • splash (onomatopoeia)

  • Category: Category:Vietnamese nouns -
    Category: Category:Vietnamese onomatopoeias -
    Translation: fr » tõm
    Translation: ko » tõm
    Translation: vi » tõm